Thaana character notes

Updated 13 July, 2018 • tags scriptnotes, thaana

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For a summary of the script and its use in writing systems, see the page Thaana script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

We have usage data only one language that uses the Thaana script: Dhivehi.

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To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

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Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

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Consonants

Basic consonants

ށ

U+0781 THAANA LETTER SHAVIYANI

Consonant š

Dhivehi ށަވިޔަނަ shaviyana ʂ

ʔ in final position in a word with  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN], eg. ރަށް raʔ island.

ʂ when the word continues, eg. ރަށެއް raʂeh an island and ރަށަކީ raʂakeː the island is.4

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] before another consonant, leads to that consonant being doubled, eg. އަށްޑިހަ aɖɖiha eighty.d

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ނ

U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU

Consonant n

Dhivehi ނޫނު noonu n

When written with no diacritic, this indicates prenasalization of a following stop, eg. ކަނޑު kaⁿɖu sea. It is the only case where a letter can appear without a diacritic. In some cases, however, the prenasalisation is not indicated at all, although it is pronounced, eg. ކަޑު.d w

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] it indicates gemination of a following nasal, eg. އެންމެ emme only.

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޅ

U+0785 THAANA LETTER LHAVIYANI

Consonant

Dhivehi ޅަވިޔަނި lhaviyani ɭ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

އ

U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU

Vowel support -

Dhivehi އަލިފު alifu

Used as a carrier for vowel diacritics where a vowel appears at the start of a word or is pronounced separately after another vowel, eg. އިރުގައި irugai time.

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] indicates gemination of a following consonant, eg. ބައްޓެއް baʈʈeʔ eggplant, however geminated nasals are formed using ނ [U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU].

ʔ with sukun at the end of a word, eg. ފައް faʔ sawtooth. In normal speech, however, the glottal stop assimilates completely to the following consonant, except before vowels or  ހ [U+0780 THAANA LETTER HAA], where it becomes a velar nasal ŋ.1

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ތ

U+078C THAANA LETTER THAA

Consonant t

Dhivehi ތާ thaa t

in final position in a word with  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN], eg. ރަތް rajʔ rat.

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] before another consonant, leads to that consonant being doubled, but also with the addition of j, eg. އަތްޕުޅު ajppuɭu hand.1

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޏ

U+078F THAANA LETTER GNAVIYANI

Consonant n

Dhivehi ޏަވިޔަނި gnaviyani ɲ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޑ

U+0791 THAANA LETTER DAVIYANI

Consonant

Dhivehi ޑަވިޔަނި daviyani ɖ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޒ

U+0792 THAANA LETTER ZAVIYANI

Consonant z

Dhivehi ޒަވިޔަނި zaviyani z

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޓ

U+0793 THAANA LETTER TAVIYANI

Consonant

Dhivehi ޓަވިޔަނި taviyani ʈ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޔ

U+0794 THAANA LETTER YAA

Consonant y

Dhivehi ޔަވިޔަނި yaviyani j

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޕ

U+0795 THAANA LETTER PAVIYANI

Consonant p

Dhivehi ޕަވިޔަނި paviyani p

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޖ

U+0796 THAANA LETTER JAVIYANI

Consonant j

Dhivehi ޖަވިޔަނި javiyani ɟ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޗ

U+0797 THAANA LETTER CHAVIYANI

Consonant c

Dhivehi ޗަވިޔަނި chaviyani c

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

Extensions for Arabic

ޘ

U+0798 THAANA LETTER TTAA

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޘާ ttaa ث

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޙ

U+0799 THAANA LETTER HHAA

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޙާ hhaa ح

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޚ

U+079A THAANA LETTER KHAA

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޚާ khaa خ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޛ

U+079B THAANA LETTER THAALU

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޛާލު thaalu ذ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޜ

U+079C THAANA LETTER ZAA

Arabic consonant ʒ

Dhivehi ޜާ zaa ʒ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޝ

U+079D THAANA LETTER SHEENU

Arabic consonant š

Dhivehi ޝީނު sheenu ش

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޞ

U+079E THAANA LETTER SAADHU

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޞާޑު saadhu ص

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޟ

U+079F THAANA LETTER DAADHU

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޟާޑު daadhu ض

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޠ

U+07A0 THAANA LETTER TO

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޓޮ to ط

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޡ

U+07A1 THAANA LETTER ZO

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޡޮ zo ظ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޢ

U+07A2 THAANA LETTER AINU

Arabic consonant ʻ

Dhivehi ޢައިނު aïnu ع

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޣ

U+07A3 THAANA LETTER GHAINU

Arabic consonant ǵ

Dhivehi ޣައިނު ghaïnu غ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޤ

U+07A4 THAANA LETTER QAAFU

Arabic consonant q

Dhivehi ޤާފު qaafu ق

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޥ

U+07A5 THAANA LETTER WAAVU

Arabic consonant w

Dhivehi ޥާވު waavu و

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

Consonant for Addu dialect

ޱ

U+07B1 THAANA LETTER NAA

Arabic consonant

Dhivehi ޱަވިޔަނަ naviyani ɳ

This letter was abolished from Maldivian official documents around 1953, but it is still seen in reprints of old books like the Bodu Tartheebu, and is used by the people of Addu Atoll and Fuvahmulah when writing songs or poetry in their dialects as the sound is still present in their spoken language.w

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

Vowels

ަ

U+07A6 THAANA ABAFILI

Vowel a

Dhivehi އަބަ ފިލި aba fili ə

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ާ

U+07A7 THAANA AABAAFILI

Vowel ā

Dhivehi އާބާ ފިލި aabaa fili əː

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ި

U+07A8 THAANA IBIFILI

Vowel i

Dhivehi އިބި ފިލި ibi fili i

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ީ

U+07A9 THAANA EEBEEFILI

Vowel ī

Dhivehi އީބީ ފިލި eebee fili

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ު

U+07AA THAANA UBUFILI

Vowel u

Dhivehi އުބު ފިލި ubu fili u

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޫ

U+07AB THAANA OOBOOFILI

Vowel ū

Dhivehi އޫބޫ ފިލި ooboo fili

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ެ

U+07AC THAANA EBEFILI

Vowel e

Dhivehi އެބެެ ފިލި ebe fili e

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޭ

U+07AD THAANA EYBEYFILI

Vowel ē

Dhivehi އޭބޭ ފިލި eybey fili

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޮ

U+07AE THAANA OBOFILI

Vowel o

Dhivehi އޮބޮ ފިލި obo fili ɔ

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ޯ

U+07AF THAANA OABOAFILI

Vowel ō

Dhivehi އޯބޯ ފިލި oaboa fili ɔː

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

ް

U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN

Vowel killer ̊

Dhivehi ސުކުނ sukun

Normally indicates that the consonant is not followed by a vowel.

Over އ [U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU], or ނ [U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU] followed by a nasal, it indicates that a following consonant is geminated, eg. ބައްޓެއް baʈʈeʔ eggplant, and އެންމެ emme only.

ʔ over އ [U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU] at the end of a word, eg. ފައް faʔ sawtooth. In normal speech, however, the glottal stop assimilates completely to the following consonant, except before vowels or  ހ [U+0780 THAANA LETTER HAA], where it becomes a velar nasal ŋ.d

General sources: Daniels pp564-568, Unicode pp509-510, Wikipedia

References

  1. [D] Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, The World's Writing Systems, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-507993-0
  2. [W] Wikipedia, Thaana
  3. [U] The Unicode Standard v10.0
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