Thaana character notes

Updated 7 August, 2017 • tags scriptnotes, thaana

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them. It is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered or copied from various places.

For information about the general features of the Thaana script see the Thaana script summary.

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Consonants

Basic consonants

ހ

U+0780 THAANA LETTER HAA

Dhivehi consonant haa h   h

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ށ

U+0781 THAANA LETTER SHAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant shavijani sh   ʂ

ʔ in final position in a word with  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN], eg. ރަށް raʔ island.

ʂ when the word continues, eg. ރަށެއް raʂeh an island and ރަށަކީ raʂakeː the island is.4

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] before another consonant, leads to that consonant being doubled, eg. އަށްޑިހަ aɖɖiha eighty.1

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana   [4] Wikipedia: Sha viyani  

ނ

U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU

Dhivehi consonant noonu n  

When written with no diacritic, this indicates prenasalization of a following stop, eg. ކަނޑު kaⁿɖu sea. It is the only case where a letter can appear without a diacritic. In some cases, however, the prenasalisation is not indicated at all, although it is pronounced, eg. ކަޑު.1 3

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] it indicates gemination of a following nasal, eg. އެންމެ emme only.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ރ

U+0783 THAANA LETTER RAA

Dhivehi consonant raa r   r

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ބ

U+0784 THAANA LETTER BAA

Dhivehi consonant baa b   b

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޅ

U+0785 THAANA LETTER LHAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant lhaviyani lh   ɭ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ކ

U+0786 THAANA LETTER KAAFU

Dhivehi consonant kaafu k   k

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

އ

U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU

Dhivehi consonant alifu

Used as a carrier for vowel diacritics where a vowel appears at the start of a word or is pronounced separately after another vowel, eg. އިރުގައި irugai time.

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] indicates gemination of a following consonant, eg. ބައްޓެއް baʈʈeʔ eggplant, however geminated nasals are formed using ނ [U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU].

ʔ with sukun at the end of a word, eg. ފައް faʔ sawtooth. In normal speech, however, the glottal stop assimilates completely to the following consonant, except before vowels or  ހ [U+0780 THAANA LETTER HAA], where it becomes a velar nasal ŋ.1

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ވ

U+0788 THAANA LETTER VAAVU

Dhivehi consonant vaavu v   ʋ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

މ

U+0789 THAANA LETTER MEEMU

Dhivehi consonant meemu m   m

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ފ

U+078A THAANA LETTER FAAFU

Dhivehi consonant faafu f   f

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ދ

U+078B THAANA LETTER DHAALU

Dhivehi consonant dhaalu dh  

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ތ

U+078C THAANA LETTER THAA

Dhivehi consonant thaa th  

in final position in a word with  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN], eg. ރަތް rajʔ rat.

With  ް [U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN] before another consonant, leads to that consonant being doubled, but also with the addition of j, eg. އަތްޕުޅު ajppuɭu hand.1

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ލ

U+078D THAANA LETTER LAAMU

Dhivehi consonant laamu l   l

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ގ

U+078E THAANA LETTER GAAFU

Dhivehi consonant gaafu g   ɡ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޏ

U+078F THAANA LETTER GNAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant gnaviyani gn   ɲ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ސ

U+0790 THAANA LETTER SEENU

Dhivehi consonant seenu s  

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޑ

U+0791 THAANA LETTER DAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant daviyani d   ɖ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޒ

U+0792 THAANA LETTER ZAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant zaviyani z  

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޓ

U+0793 THAANA LETTER TAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant taviyani t   ʈ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޔ

U+0794 THAANA LETTER YAA

Dhivehi consonant yaa/yaviyani y   j

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޕ

U+0795 THAANA LETTER PAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant paviyani p   p

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޖ

U+0796 THAANA LETTER JAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant javiyani j   ʤ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޗ

U+0797 THAANA LETTER CHAVIYANI

Dhivehi consonant chaviyani ch   ʧ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

Extensions for Arabic

ޘ

U+0798 THAANA LETTER TTAA

Dhivehi consonant ttaa    ث

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޙ

U+0799 THAANA LETTER HHAA

Dhivehi consonant hhaa    ح

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޚ

U+079A THAANA LETTER KHAA

Dhivehi consonant khaa    خ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޛ

U+079B THAANA LETTER THAALU

Dhivehi consonant thaalu    ذ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޜ

U+079C THAANA LETTER ZAA

Dhivehi consonant zaa   ʒ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޝ

U+079D THAANA LETTER SHEENU

Dhivehi consonant sheenu š    ش

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޞ

U+079E THAANA LETTER SAADHU

Dhivehi consonant saadhu    ص

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޟ

U+079F THAANA LETTER DAADHU

Dhivehi consonant daadhu    ض

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޠ

U+07A0 THAANA LETTER TO

Dhivehi consonant to    ط

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޡ

U+07A1 THAANA LETTER ZO

Dhivehi consonant zo   ظ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޢ

U+07A2 THAANA LETTER AINU

Dhivehi consonant aïnu ʻ    ع

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޣ

U+07A3 THAANA LETTER GHAINU

Dhivehi consonant ghaïnu ǵ    غ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޤ

U+07A4 THAANA LETTER QAAFU

Dhivehi consonant qaafu q   ق

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޥ

U+07A5 THAANA LETTER WAAVU

Dhivehi consonant waavu w    و

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

Consonant for Addu dialect

ޱ

U+07B1 THAANA LETTER NAA

Dhivehi consonant naviyani    ɳ

This letter was abolished from Maldivian official documents around 1953, but it is still seen in reprints of old books like the Bodu Tartheebu, and is used by the people of Addu Atoll and Fuvahmulah when writing songs or poetry in their dialects as the sound is still present in their spoken language.3

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

Vowels

ަ

U+07A6 THAANA ABAFILI

Dhivehi vowel abafili a    ə

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ާ

U+07A7 THAANA AABAAFILI

Dhivehi vowel aabaafili aa    əː

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ި

U+07A8 THAANA IBIFILI

Dhivehi vowel ibifili i    i

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ީ

U+07A9 THAANA EEBEEFILI

Dhivehi vowel eebeefili ee   

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ު

U+07AA THAANA UBUFILI

Dhivehi vowel ubufili u    u

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޫ

U+07AB THAANA OOBOOFILI

Dhivehi vowel ooboofili oo   

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ެ

U+07AC THAANA EBEFILI

Dhivehi vowel ebefili e    e

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޭ

U+07AD THAANA EYBEYFILI

Dhivehi vowel eybeyfili ey   

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޮ

U+07AE THAANA OBOFILI

Dhivehi vowel obofili o    ɔ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ޯ

U+07AF THAANA OABOAFILI

Dhivehi vowel oaboafili oa    ɔː

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

ް

U+07B0 THAANA SUKUN

Dhivehi vowel sukun

Normally indicates that the consonant is not followed by a vowel.

Over އ [U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU], or ނ [U+0782 THAANA LETTER NOONU] followed by a nasal, it indicates that a following consonant is geminated, eg. ބައްޓެއް baʈʈeʔ eggplant, and އެންމެ emme only.

ʔ over އ [U+0787 THAANA LETTER ALIFU] at the end of a word, eg. ފައް faʔ sawtooth. In normal speech, however, the glottal stop assimilates completely to the following consonant, except before vowels or  ހ [U+0780 THAANA LETTER HAA], where it becomes a velar nasal ŋ.1

Refs: [1] [Daniels] pp564-568   [2] [Unicode] pp509-510   [3] Wikipedia: Thaana  

Reference expansions

  1. [daniels] Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, The World's Writing Systems, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-507993-0
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