Armenian character notes

Updated 7 February, 2018 • tags scriptnotes, armenian

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For information about the general features of the Armenian script see the Armenian script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

The Armenian script is used for writing the Armenian language.

The transliteration is based on ISO 9985.

Find

If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

To view this page as intended, you need an Armenian font. This page comes with a Noto Serif Armenian webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Consonants

Բ

U+0532 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER BEN

Consonant    b    #value 2

Lowercase is բ [U+0562 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER BEN]

Armenian    բեն bɛn/pʰɛn

b in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

բ

U+0562 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER BEN

Consonant    b    #value 2

Uppercase is Բ [U+0532 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER BEN]

Armenian    բեն bɛn/pʰɛn

b in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Գ

U+0533 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GIM

Consonant    g    #value 3

Lowercase is գ [U+0563 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GIM]

Armenian    գիմ gim/kʰim

ɡ in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

գ

U+0563 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GIM

Consonant    g    #value 3

Uppercase is Գ [U+0533 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GIM]

Armenian    գիմ gim/kʰim

ɡ in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Դ

U+0534 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER DA

Consonant    d    #value 4

Lowercase is դ [U+0564 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER DA]

Armenian    դա dɑ/tʰɑ

d in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

դ

U+0564 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER DA

Consonant    d    #value 4

Uppercase is Դ [U+0534 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER DA]

Armenian    դա dɑ/tʰɑ

d in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Զ

U+0536 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZA

Consonant    z    #value 6

Lowercase is զ [U+0566 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZA]

Armenian    զա za

z in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

զ

U+0566 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZA

Consonant    z    #value 6

Uppercase is Զ [U+0536 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZA]

Armenian    զա za

z in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Թ

U+0539 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TO

Consonant    t’    #value 9

Lowercase is թ [U+0569 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TO]

Armenian    թո tʰo

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

թ

U+0569 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TO

Consonant    t’    #value 9

Uppercase is Թ [U+0539 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TO]

Armenian    թո tʰo

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ժ

U+053A ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZHE

Consonant    ž    #value 10

Lowercase is ժ [U+056A ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZHE]

Armenian    ժե ʒɛ

ʒ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ժ

U+056A ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZHE

Consonant    ž    #value 10

Uppercase is Ժ [U+053A ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZHE]

Armenian    ժե ʒɛ

ʒ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Լ

U+053C ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER LIWN

Consonant    l    #value 30

Lowercase is լ [U+056C ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER LIWN]

Armenian    լյուն ljun/lʏn

l in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

լ

U+056C ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER LIWN

Consonant    l    #value 30

Uppercase is Լ [U+053C ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER LIWN]

Armenian    լյուն ljun/lʏn

l in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Խ

U+053D ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER XEH

Consonant    x    #value 40

Lowercase is խ [U+056D ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER XEH]

Armenian    խե χɛ

χ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

խ

U+056D ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER XEH

Consonant    x    #value 40

Uppercase is Խ [U+053D ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER XEH]

Armenian    խե χɛ

χ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ծ

U+053E ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CA

Consonant    ç    #value 50

Lowercase is ծ [U+056E ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CA]

Armenian    ծա tsɑ/dzɑ

ts in eastern Armenian

dz in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ծ

U+056E ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CA

Consonant    ç    #value 50

Uppercase is Ծ [U+053E ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CA]

Armenian    ծա tsɑ/dzɑ

ts in eastern Armenian

dz in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Կ

U+053F ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KEN

Consonant    k    #value 60

Lowercase is կ [U+056F ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEN]

Armenian    կեն kɛn/ɡɛn

k in eastern Armenian

ɡ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

կ

U+056F ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEN

Consonant    k    #value 60

Uppercase is Կ [U+053F ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KEN]

Armenian    կեն kɛn/ɡɛn

k in eastern Armenian

ɡ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Հ

U+0540 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER HO

Consonant    h    #value 70

Lowercase is հ [U+0570 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER HO]

Armenian    հօ ho

h in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

հ

U+0570 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER HO

Consonant    h    #value 70

Uppercase is Հ [U+0540 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER HO]

Armenian    հօ ho

h in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ձ

U+0541 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JA

Consonant    j    #value 80

Lowercase is ձ [U+0571 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JA]

Armenian    ձա dzɑ/tsʰɑ

dz in eastern Armenian

tsʰ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ձ

U+0571 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JA

Consonant    j    #value 80

Uppercase is Ձ [U+0541 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JA]

Armenian    ձա dzɑ/tsʰɑ

dz in eastern Armenian

tsʰ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ղ

U+0542 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GHAD

Consonant    ġ    #value 90

Lowercase is ղ [U+0572 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAD]

Armenian    ղատ ʁɑt/ʁɑd

ʁ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ղ

U+0572 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAD

Consonant    ġ    #value 90

Uppercase is Ղ [U+0542 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GHAD]

Armenian    ղատ ʁɑt/ʁɑd

ʁ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ճ

U+0543 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CHEH

Consonant    č̣    #value 100

Lowercase is ճ [U+0573 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CHEH]

Armenian    ճե tʃɛ/dʒɛ

in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ճ

U+0573 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CHEH

Consonant    č̣    #value 100

Uppercase is Ճ [U+0543 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CHEH]

Armenian    ճե tʃɛ/dʒɛ

in eastern Armenian

in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Մ

U+0544 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER MEN

Consonant    m    #value 200

Lowercase is մ [U+0574 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER MEN]

Armenian    մեն mɛn

m in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

մ

U+0574 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER MEN

Consonant    m    #value 200

Uppercase is Մ [U+0544 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER MEN]

Armenian    մեն mɛn

m in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Յ

U+0545 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YI

Consonant    y    #value 300

Lowercase is յ [U+0575 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YI]

Armenian    հի ji/hi

h in eastern Armenian

j in western Armenian

Only used in classical orthography, word-initially and in some compound words.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

յ

U+0575 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YI

Consonant    y    #value 300

Uppercase is Յ [U+0545 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YI]

Armenian    հի ji/hi

h in eastern Armenian

j in western Armenian

Only used in classical orthography, word-initially and in some compound words.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ն

U+0546 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER NOW

Consonant    n    #value 400

Lowercase is ն [U+0576 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER NOW]

Armenian    նու nu

n,ŋ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ն

U+0576 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER NOW

Consonant    n    #value 400

Uppercase is Ն [U+0546 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER NOW]

Armenian    նու nu

n,ŋ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Շ

U+0547 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SHA

Consonant    š    #value 500

Lowercase is շ [U+0577 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SHA]

Armenian    շա ʃɑ

ʃ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

շ

U+0577 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SHA

Consonant    š    #value 500

Uppercase is Շ [U+0547 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SHA]

Armenian    շա ʃɑ

ʃ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Չ

U+0549 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CHA

Consonant    č    #value 700

Lowercase is չ [U+0579 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CHA]

Armenian    չա tʃʰɑ

tʃʰ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

չ

U+0579 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CHA

Consonant    č    #value 700

Uppercase is Չ [U+0549 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CHA]

Armenian    չա tʃʰɑ

tʃʰ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Պ

U+054A ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PEH

Consonant    p    #value 800

Lowercase is պ [U+057A ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PEH]

Armenian    պե pɛ/bɛ

p in eastern Armenian

b in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

պ

U+057A ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PEH

Consonant    p    #value 800

Uppercase is Պ [U+054A ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PEH]

Armenian    պե pɛ/bɛ

p in eastern Armenian

b in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ջ

U+054B ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JHEH

Consonant    ǰ    #value 900

Lowercase is ջ [U+057B ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JHEH]

Armenian    ջե dʒɛ/tʃʰɛ

in eastern Armenian

tʃʰ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ջ

U+057B ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JHEH

Consonant    ǰ    #value 900

Uppercase is Ջ [U+054B ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JHEH]

Armenian    ջե dʒɛ/tʃʰɛ

in eastern Armenian

tʃʰ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ռ

U+054C ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER RA

Consonant       #value 1000

Lowercase is ռ [U+057C ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER RA]

Armenian    ռա rɑ/ɾɑ

r in eastern Armenian

ɾ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ռ

U+057C ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER RA

Consonant       #value 1000

Uppercase is Ռ [U+054C ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER RA]

Armenian    ռա rɑ/ɾɑ

r in eastern Armenian

ɾ in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ս

U+054D ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SEH

Consonant    s    #value 2000

Lowercase is ս [U+057D ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SEH]

Armenian    սե

s in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ս

U+057D ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SEH

Consonant    s    #value 2000

Uppercase is Ս [U+054D ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SEH]

Armenian    սե

s in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Վ

U+054E ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VEW

Consonant    v    #value 3000

Lowercase is վ [U+057E ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VEW]

Armenian    վեվ vɛv

v in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

վ

U+057E ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VEW

Consonant    v    #value 3000

Uppercase is Վ [U+054E ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VEW]

Armenian    վեվ vɛv

v in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Տ

U+054F ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TIWN

Consonant    t    #value 4000

Lowercase is տ [U+057F ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TIWN]

Armenian    տյուն tjun/dʏn

t in eastern Armenian

d in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

տ

U+057F ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TIWN

Consonant    t    #value 4000

Uppercase is Տ [U+054F ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TIWN]

Armenian    տյուն tjun/dʏn

t in eastern Armenian

d in western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ր

U+0550 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER REH

Consonant    r    #value 5000

Lowercase is ր [U+0580 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER REH]

Armenian    րե ɾɛ

ɾ in eastern & western Armenian

Iranian Armenians (a subbranch of Eastern Armenians) pronounce this letter as [ɹ], like in Classical Armenian.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ր

U+0580 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER REH

Consonant    r    #value 5000

Uppercase is Ր [U+0550 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER REH]

Armenian    րե ɾɛ

ɾ in eastern & western Armenian

Iranian Armenians (a subbranch of Eastern Armenians) pronounce this letter as [ɹ], like in Classical Armenian.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ց

U+0551 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CO

Consonant    c’    #value 6000

Lowercase is ց [U+0581 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CO]

Armenian    ցո tsʰo

tsʰ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ց

U+0581 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CO

Consonant    c’    #value 6000

Uppercase is Ց [U+0551 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CO]

Armenian    ցո tsʰo

tsʰ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ւ

U+0552 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YIWN

Consonant    w    #value 7000

Lowercase is ւ [U+0582 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YIWN]

Armenian    վյուն hʏn

v in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ւ

U+0582 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YIWN

Consonant    w    #value 7000

Uppercase is Ւ [U+0552 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YIWN]

Armenian    վյուն hʏn

v in eastern & western Armenian

In reformed orthography, the letter ւ appears only as a component of ու. In classical orthography, the letter usually represents v, except in the digraph իւ ju. The spelling reform in Soviet Armenia replaced իւ with the trigraph յու.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Փ

U+0553 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PIWR

Consonant    p’    #value 8000

Lowercase is փ [U+0583 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PIWR]

Armenian    փյուր pʰjuɾ/pʰʏɾ

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

փ

U+0583 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PIWR

Consonant    p’    #value 8000

Uppercase is Փ [U+0553 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PIWR]

Armenian    փյուր pʰjuɾ/pʰʏɾ

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ք

U+0554 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KEH

Consonant    k’    #value 9000

Lowercase is ք [U+0584 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEH]

Armenian    քե kʰɛ

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ք

U+0584 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEH

Consonant    k’    #value 9000

Uppercase is Ք [U+0554 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KEH]

Armenian    քե kʰɛ

in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ֆ

U+0556 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER FEH

Consonant    f

Lowercase is ֆ [U+0586 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER FEH]

Armenian    ֆե

f in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ֆ

U+0586 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER FEH

Consonant    f

Uppercase is Ֆ [U+0556 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER FEH]

Armenian    ֆե

f in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ligatures

U+FB13 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE MEN NOW

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0574 0576

Ligature    mn

This character only has a compatibility decomposition.

Armenian   

Typically found in handwriting and in traditional fonts that mimic the manuscript ligatures.1

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

U+FB14 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE MEN ECH

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0574 0565

Ligature    me

This character only has a compatibility decomposition.

Armenian   

Typically found in handwriting and in traditional fonts that mimic the manuscript ligatures.1

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

U+FB15 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE MEN INI

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0574 056B

Ligature    mi

This character only has a compatibility decomposition.

Armenian   

Typically found in handwriting and in traditional fonts that mimic the manuscript ligatures.1

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

U+FB16 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE VEW NOW

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 057E 0576

Ligature    vn

This character only has a compatibility decomposition.

Armenian   

Typically found in handwriting and in traditional fonts that mimic the manuscript ligatures.1

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

U+FB17 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE MEN XEH

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0574 056D

Ligature    mx

This character only has a compatibility decomposition.

Armenian   

Typically found in handwriting and in traditional fonts that mimic the manuscript ligatures.1

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Vowels

Ա

U+0531 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER AYB

Vowel    a    #value 1

Lowercase is ա [U+0561 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER AYB]

Armenian    այբ ajb/ajpʰ

ɑ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ա

U+0561 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER AYB

Vowel    a    #value 1

Uppercase is Ա [U+0531 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER AYB]

Armenian    այբ ajb/ajpʰ

ɑ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ե

U+0535 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ECH

Vowel    e    #value 5

Lowercase is ե [U+0565 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ECH]

Armenian    եչ jɛtʃʰ

ɛ in eastern & western Armenian

in word initial position (except in the present tense of the verb 'to be').1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ե

U+0565 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ECH

Vowel    e    #value 5

Uppercase is Ե [U+0535 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ECH]

Armenian    եչ jɛtʃʰ

ɛ in eastern & western Armenian

in word initial position (except in the present tense of the verb 'to be').1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Է

U+0537 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER EH

Vowel    ē    #value 7

Lowercase is է [U+0567 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER EH]

Armenian    է ɛ

ɛ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

է

U+0567 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER EH

Vowel    ē    #value 7

Uppercase is Է [U+0537 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER EH]

Armenian    է ɛ

ɛ in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ը

U+0538 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ET

Vowel    ë    #value 8

Lowercase is ը [U+0568 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ET]

Armenian    ըթ ətʰ

ə in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ը

U+0568 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ET

Vowel    ë    #value 8

Uppercase is Ը [U+0538 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ET]

Armenian    ըթ ətʰ

ə in eastern & western Armenian

The letter ը is generally used only at the start or end of a word, and so the sound ə is unwritten between consonants.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ի

U+053B ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER INI

Vowel    i    #value 20

Lowercase is ի [U+056B ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER INI]

Armenian    ինի ini

i in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ի

U+056B ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER INI

Vowel    i    #value 20

Uppercase is Ի [U+053B ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER INI]

Armenian    ինի ini

i in eastern & western Armenian

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Ո

U+0548 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VO

Vowel    o    #value 600

Lowercase is ո [U+0578 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VO]

Armenian    ո ʋɔ

ɔ in eastern & western Armenian

ʋɔ in word-initial position. 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

ո

U+0578 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VO

Vowel    o    #value 600

Uppercase is Ո [U+0548 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VO]

Armenian    ո ʋɔ

ɔ in eastern & western Armenian

ʋɔ in word-initial position. 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

և

U+0587 ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE ECH YIWN

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0565 0582

Vowel    ew

Uppercase is Ե + Ւ [U+0535 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ECH + U+0552 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YIWN]

Armenian    և jev

ev in eastern & western Armenian

jev in word-initial position. 

In classical orthography, ու and և are considered a digraph and a ligature. In reformed orthography, they are separate letters of the alphabet.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Օ

U+0555 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER OH

Vowel    ò

Lowercase is օ [U+0585 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER OH]

Armenian    օ o

o in eastern & western Armenian

Only used in classical orthography, word-initially and in some compound words.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

օ

U+0585 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER OH

Vowel    ò

Uppercase is Օ [U+0555 ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER OH]

Armenian    օ o

o in eastern & western Armenian

Only used in classical orthography, word-initially and in some compound words.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Punctuation

՝

U+055D ARMENIAN COMMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= bowt
→ (modifier letter grave accent - 02CB)

(semi) colon    ;

Lowercase is ՝ [U+055D ARMENIAN COMMA]

Armenian    bowt’

Used more as a colon than a comma. For example:

Ամեն ոք ունի սեփականություն ունենալու իրավունք՝ ինչպես մենակ, այնպես էլ ուրիշների հետ միասին։  

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

։

U+0589 ARMENIAN FULL STOP

Description in the Unicode standard:

= vertsaket
• may also be used for historic Georgian texts
→ (colon - 003A)

Full stop    .

Lowercase is ։ [U+0589 ARMENIAN FULL STOP]

Armenian    verǰakēt

Used in the same way as the Latin full stop. For example:

Բոլոր մարդիկ ծնվում են ազատ ու հավասար իրենց արժանապատվությամբ ու իրավունքներով։ Նրանք ունեն բանականություն ու խիղճ և միմյանց պետք է եղբայրաբար վերաբերվեն։ 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

՞

U+055E ARMENIAN QUESTION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= hartsakan nshan
• marks intonation on word, rather than occurring finally

Question mark    ?

Lowercase is ՞ [U+055E ARMENIAN QUESTION MARK]

Armenian    hartsakan nshan

Placed above and slightly to the right of the last vowel of the question word (usually the stressed vowel), rather than at the end of the sentence.1 Example: Հնարավո՞ր է արդյոք համատեղել ընտանիքն ու քաղաքականությունը…

Printing difficulties have often led to this character appearing as a spacing, or half-spacing character alongside the vowel.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

՜

U+055C ARMENIAN EXCLAMATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= batsaganchakan nshan
• marks intonation on word, rather than occurring finally

Exclamation mark    !

Lowercase is ՜ [U+055C ARMENIAN EXCLAMATION MARK]

Armenian    yerkaratsman nshan

Placed above and slightly to the right of the vowel who's sound is being modified, rather than at the end of the sentence.1

Printing difficulties have often led to this character appearing as a spacing, or half-spacing character alongside the vowel.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

՛

U+055B ARMENIAN EMPHASIS MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= shesht
→ (modifier letter acute accent - 02CA)

Emphasis mark    !

Lowercase is ՛ [U+055B ARMENIAN EMPHASIS MARK]

Armenian    shesht

Placed above and slightly to the right of the vowel who's sound is being modified (usually the last vowel of the interjection word), rather than at the end of the sentence.1 Example: Իտալիան եղել է և՛ Անտանտի, և՛ Կենտրոնական ուժերի կազմում:

Printing difficulties have often led to this character appearing as a spacing, or half-spacing character alongside the vowel.1 

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

֊

U+058A ARMENIAN HYPHEN

Description in the Unicode standard:

= yentamna

Soft hyphen    -

Lowercase is ֊ [U+058A ARMENIAN HYPHEN]

Armenian    miowt‛jan_gic

Used when a word is hyphenated at the end of a line.

The ASCII hyphen is used also, but to link words together, rather than as a line break hyphen. If a line breaks alongside an ASCII hyphen, is this character used?

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Deprecated characters

ՙ

U+0559 ARMENIAN MODIFIER LETTER LEFT HALF RING

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (modifier letter reversed comma - 02BD)
→ (modifier letter left half ring - 02BF)
→ (combining reversed comma above - 0314)

Armenian Do not use.

The Unicode Standard says "There is no left ring in Armenian. Unicode character U+0559 is not used. It appears that this character is a duplicate character, which was encoded to represent U+20BB MODIFIER LETTER TURNED COMMA, used in Armenian transliteration. U+02BB is preferred for this purpose."1

Refs: [1] [Unicode] p322 

՚

U+055A ARMENIAN APOSTROPHE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= armenian modifier letter right half ring (1.0)
→ (modifier letter apostrophe - 02BC)
→ (modifier letter right half ring - 02BE)
→ (combining comma above - 0313)

Armenian apat'arts (not recommended)

The Unicode Standard recommends using [U+2019 RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK] rather than this character.1

Used only in western Armenian, to indicate elision of a vowel, usually ə.2

Refs: [1] [Unicode] p322  [2] [WP] Armenian alphabet 

՟

U+055F ARMENIAN ABBREVIATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= patiw

Armenian

One of 4 abbreviation marks found in manuscripts to abbreviate words such as God, Jesus, Christos, etc. It is placed above the abbreviated word and spans all of its letters.1 eg. Աժ՟ God. Wikipedia regards this as obsolete.2

Hrant Papazian writes: "... nobody uses the patiw, because nobody puts a -usable- patiw in a font, because pre-OpenType it was impossible to render such a floating mark. Not to mention that the patiw is a very archaic character that always looks old-fashioned."

Refs: [1] [Unicode] p322  [2] [WP] Armenian alphabet

Symbols

֍

U+058D RIGHT-FACING ARMENIAN ETERNITY SIGN

Symbol

Armenian   

Widespread architectural motif, and an ancient national symbol of Armenia. The actual representation of the symbol can vary, but it generally has the same swirling effect, and typically 8 segments.e

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

֎

U+058E LEFT-FACING ARMENIAN ETERNITY SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

• maps to AST 34.005:1997

Symbol

Armenian   

Widespread architectural motif, and an ancient national symbol of Armenia. The actual representation of the symbol can vary, but it generally has the same swirling effect, and typically 8 segments.e

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

Currency symbol

֏

U+058F ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN

Currency symbol

Armenian   

Designed in 1995 to represent the national currency brought in after independence.→ d

Refs: [1] Daniels pp356-362 [2] Unicode pp322-323 [3] Wikipedia

References

  1. [D] Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, The World's Writing Systems, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-507993-0
  2. [U] The Unicode Standard v9.0, Armenian
  3. [W] Wikipedia, Armenian alphabet
  4. [E] Michael Everson, Proposal to encode two symbols for Armenian in the UCS
  5. [D] Wikipedia, Armenian dram sign
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