Tifinagh character notes

Updated 11 February, 2018 • tags tifinagh, scriptnotes

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered or copied from various places.

For a summary of the script and its use in various writing sytems, see the page Tifinagh script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

We have usage data for the following 2 languages that use the Cyrillic script: Tamazight, Tachelhit.

Find

If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

To view this page as intended, you need a Tifinagh font. This page comes with a Noto Sans Tifinagh webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Consonants

Basic consonants

U+2D31 TIFINAGH LETTER YAB

Consonant    b

Tamazight    yab    b

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D32 TIFINAGH LETTER YABH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yab fricative    β

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D33 TIFINAGH LETTER YAG

Consonant    g

Tamazight    yag    ɡ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D34 TIFINAGH LETTER YAGHH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yag fricative    ʝ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D37 TIFINAGH LETTER YAD

Consonant    d

Tamazight    yad    d

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D38 TIFINAGH LETTER YADH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yad fricative    ð

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D39 TIFINAGH LETTER YADD

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaḍ   

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D3A TIFINAGH LETTER YADDH

Consonant    ḍ̱

Tamazight    yaḍ fricative    ðˁ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D3C TIFINAGH LETTER YAF

Consonant    f

Tamazight    yaf    f

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D3D TIFINAGH LETTER YAK

Consonant    k

Tamazight    yak    k

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

ⴿ

U+2D3F TIFINAGH LETTER YAKHH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yak fricative    ç

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D40 TIFINAGH LETTER YAH

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Tuareg yab

Consonant    h

Tamazight    yah    h

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D43 TIFINAGH LETTER YAHH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaḥ    ħ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D44 TIFINAGH LETTER YAA

Consonant    ɛ, ʕ

Tamazight    yaε    ʕ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D45 TIFINAGH LETTER YAKH

Consonant    x

Tamazight    yax    χ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D47 TIFINAGH LETTER YAQ

Consonant    q

Tamazight    yaq    q, qʷ, ɢ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4A TIFINAGH LETTER YAZH

Consonant    j

Tamazight    yaj    ʒ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4D TIFINAGH LETTER YAL

Consonant    l

Tamazight    yal    l, ɫ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4E TIFINAGH LETTER YAM

Consonant    m

Tamazight    yam    m

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4F TIFINAGH LETTER YAN

Consonant    n

Tamazight    yan    n

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D52 TIFINAGH LETTER YAP

Consonant    p

Tamazight    yap    p

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D54 TIFINAGH LETTER YAR

Consonant    r

Tamazight    yar    r, rˤ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D55 TIFINAGH LETTER YARR

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaṛ   

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D56 TIFINAGH LETTER YAGH

Consonant    ɣ

Tamazight    yaγ    ʁ, ɣ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D59 TIFINAGH LETTER YAS

Consonant    s

Tamazight    yas    s

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5A TIFINAGH LETTER YASS

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaṣ   

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5B TIFINAGH LETTER YASH

Consonant    š

Tamazight    yaš    ʃ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5C TIFINAGH LETTER YAT

Consonant    t

Tamazight    yat    t

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5D TIFINAGH LETTER YATH

Consonant   

Tamazight    yat fricative    θ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5F TIFINAGH LETTER YATT

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaṭ   

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D60 TIFINAGH LETTER YAV

Consonant    v

Tamazight    yav    v

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D61 TIFINAGH LETTER YAW

Consonant    w

Tamazight    yaw    w

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D62 TIFINAGH LETTER YAY

Consonant    y

Tamazight    yay    j

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D63 TIFINAGH LETTER YAZ

Consonant    z

Tamazight    yaz    z

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D65 TIFINAGH LETTER YAZZ

Consonant   

Tamazight    yaẓ   

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

Additional consonants

U+2D35 TIFINAGH LETTER BERBER ACADEMY YAJ

Consonant    ǧ

Tamazight    yadj    ʤ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D36 TIFINAGH LETTER YAJ

Consonant    dj

Tamazight    yadj    ʤ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D3E TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAK

Consonant    k

Tamazight    Touareg yak    k, ç

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D41 TIFINAGH LETTER BERBER ACADEMY YAH

Consonant    h

Tamazight    Berber Academy yah    h

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D42 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAH

Consonant    h

Tamazight    Touareg yah    h

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D46 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAKH

Consonant    kh, x

Tamazight    Touareg yax    χ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D48 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAQ

Consonant    q

Tamazight    Touareg yaq    q, qʷ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4B TIFINAGH LETTER AHAGGAR YAZH

Consonant    j

Tamazight    Ahaggar yaj    ʒ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D4C TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAZH

Consonant    j

Tamazight    Touareg yaj    ʒ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D50 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAGN

Consonant    ny

Tamazight    Touareg yagn    ɲ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D51 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YANG

Consonant    ng

Tamazight    Touareg yang    ŋ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D57 TIFINAGH LETTER TUAREG YAGH

Consonant    gh, γ

Tamazight    Touareg yaγ    ʁ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D58 TIFINAGH LETTER AYER YAGH

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Adrar yaj

Consonant    gh, γ

Tamazight    Aïr yaγ    ʁ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D5E TIFINAGH LETTER YACH

Consonant    č

Tamazight    yatš    ʧ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D64 TIFINAGH LETTER TAWELLEMET YAZ

Description in the Unicode standard:

= harpoon yaz

Consonant    z

Tamazight    Tawellemet yaz    z

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

Modifier letter

U+2D6F TIFINAGH MODIFIER LETTER LABIALIZATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= tamatart
≈ [super] 2D61

Labiovelarisation mark    ʷ

Tamazight       ʷ

ʷ Labio-velarization mark.

Commonly used in the sequences ⴳⵯ and ⴽⵯ.

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

Vowels

U+2D30 TIFINAGH LETTER YA

Vowel    a

Tamazight    ya    æ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D3B TIFINAGH LETTER YEY

Vowel    e

Tamazight    yey    ə

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D49 TIFINAGH LETTER YI

Vowel    i

Tamazight    yi    i

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D53 TIFINAGH LETTER YU

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Tuareg yaw

Vowel    u

Tamazight    yu    ʊ

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D66 TIFINAGH LETTER YE

Vowel    e

Tamazight       ?

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

U+2D67 TIFINAGH LETTER YO

Vowel    o

Tamazight       ?

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

Punctuation

U+2D70 TIFINAGH SEPARATOR MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= tazarast

Phrase separator

Tamazight    tazarast

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

Sign

⵿

U+2D7F TIFINAGH CONSONANT JOINER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• suppresses an inherent vowel
• functions to indicate that previous and following character are part of a bi-consonant cluster
• shape shown is arbitrary and is not visibly rendered

Consonant joiner

Berber Tamazight text displays consonants with no intervening vowels by simply putting them side by side, eg. ⵡⴰⴷⴷⴰⴷ waddad.

Consonant clusters may, however, be displayed as ligated forms in Tuareg.u There are two ways to achieve this.

When a bi-consonant is considered obligatory, this character is added between the two consonants. If the font supports bi-consonant shapes, the joiner is not shown, but the consonants are ligated. If the font doesn't support the joiner, it should be displayed visually. The following shows examples of biconsonant conjuncts.

ⵎ⵿ⵜmt
ⵏ⵿ⴾnk
ⵏ⵿ⵜnt
ⵔ⵿ⵜrt
ⵙ⵿ⵜst

The second approach uses ZWJ [U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER] rather than the Tifinagh joiner, and serves as an optional hint to the font. The fallback is simply the two consonants side by side.

Old Tifinagh texts don't show gemination.

General sources: Unicode, Wikipedia1 , Wikipedia2

References

  1. [U] The Unicode Standard v10.0, Tifinagh, pp735-737.
  2. [D] Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, The World's Writing Systems, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-507993-0, p115.
  3. [W] Wikipedia, Tifinagh.
  4. [B] Wikipedia, Berber Latin alphabet.
First published 3 Feb 2014. This version 2018-02-11 12:42 GMT.  •  Copyright r12a@w3.org. Licence CC-By.