Sinhala character notes

Updated 14 February, 2018 • tags scriptnotes, sinhala

This page lists characters in the following Unicode blocks and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For a summary of the script and its use in writing systems, see the page Sinhala script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

We only have usage data for the Sinhalese language.

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If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

To view this page as intended, you need a Sinhala font. This page comes with a Noto Serif Sinhala webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Consonants

Śuddha consonants

U+0D9A SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA KAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ka

śuddha consonant    k

Sinhala    k

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D9C SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA GAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ga

śuddha consonant    g

Sinhala    g

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D9F SINHALA LETTER SANYAKA GAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nnga

śuddha prenasalised consonant    ňg

Sinhala    ᵑɡ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA0 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA CAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ca

śuddha consonant    c

Sinhala    ʧ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA2 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA JAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ja

śuddha consonant    j

Sinhala    ʤ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA7 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA TTAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter tta

śuddha consonant   

Sinhala    ʈ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA9 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA DDAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter dda

śuddha consonant   

Sinhala    ɖ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAB SINHALA LETTER MUURDHAJA NAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nna

śuddha consonant   

Sinhala    n

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAC SINHALA LETTER SANYAKA DDAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nndda

śuddha prenasalised consonant    ňḍ

Sinhala    ⁿɖ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAD SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA TAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ta

śuddha consonant    t

Sinhala    t

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAF SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA DAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter da

śuddha consonant    d

Sinhala    d

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB3 SINHALA LETTER SANYAKA DAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nda

śuddha prenasalised consonant    ňd

Sinhala    ⁿd

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB4 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA PAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter pa

śuddha consonant    p

Sinhala    p

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB6 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA BAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ba

śuddha consonant    b

Sinhala    b

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB8 SINHALA LETTER MAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ma

śuddha consonant    m

Sinhala    m

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB9 SINHALA LETTER AMBA BAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter mba

śuddha prenasalised consonant    m̌b

Sinhala    ᵐb

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DBA SINHALA LETTER YAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ya

śuddha consonant    y

Sinhala    j

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DBB SINHALA LETTER RAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ra

śuddha consonant    r

Sinhala    r

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DBD SINHALA LETTER DANTAJA LAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter la
• dental

śuddha consonant    l

Sinhala    l

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC5 SINHALA LETTER MUURDHAJA LAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter lla
• retroflex

śuddha consonant   

Sinhala    l

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC0 SINHALA LETTER VAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter va

śuddha consonant    v

Sinhala    ʋ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC3 SINHALA LETTER DANTAJA SAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter sa
• dental

śuddha consonant    s

Sinhala    s

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC4 SINHALA LETTER HAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ha

śuddha consonant    h

Sinhala    ɦ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Miśra consonants

U+0D9B SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA KAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter kha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    k

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D9D SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA GAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter gha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    g

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA5 SINHALA LETTER TAALUJA SANYOOGA NAAKSIKYAYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter jnya

Miśra prenasalised consonant    gn

Sinhala    ɡna

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D9E SINHALA LETTER KANTAJA NAASIKYAYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nga

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    ŋ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

This consonant never appears with a vowel, but does appear with a virama, ie. ඞ්.s

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA1 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA CAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter cha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    ʧ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA3 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA JAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter jha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    ʤ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA4 SINHALA LETTER TAALUJA NAASIKYAYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nya

Miśra consonant    ñ

Sinhala    ɲ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

At the beginning of a word this is pronounced the same as [U+0DA4 SINHALA LETTER TAALUJA NAASIKYAYA], eg. ඤාණ ñāṇa and ඥාන jñāna, however elsewhere it is pronounced as two consonants, eg. පඥා pajñā.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA6 SINHALA LETTER SANYAKA JAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter nyja

Miśra prenasalised consonant    n̆j

Sinhala    nd͡ʒa

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DA8 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA TTAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ttha

Miśra consonant    ṭʰ

Sinhala    ʈ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAA SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA DDAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ddha

Miśra consonant    ḍʰ

Sinhala    ɖ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DAE SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA TAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter tha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    t

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB0 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA DAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter dha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    d

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB1 SINHALA LETTER DANTAJA NAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter na

Miśra consonant    n

Sinhala    n

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB5 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA PAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter pha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    p

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DB7 SINHALA LETTER MAHAAPRAANA BAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter bha

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    b

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC1 SINHALA LETTER TAALUJA SAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter sha

Miśra consonant    ś

Sinhala    ʃ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC2 SINHALA LETTER MUURDHAJA SAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ssa
• retroflex

Miśra consonant   

Sinhala    ʃ

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DC6 SINHALA LETTER FAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter fa

Miśra consonant    f

Sinhala    f

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). A new consonant for foreign sounds.

Sometimes this consonant is written using a grapheme that represents the Latin f combined with [U+0DB4 SINHALA LETTER ALPAPRAANA PAYANNA].

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Vowels

Śuddha independent vowels

U+0D85 SINHALA LETTER AYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter a

Śuddha independent vowel    a

There is no corresponding vowel sign.

Sinhala    a, ə

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D86 SINHALA LETTER AAYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter aa

Śuddha independent vowel    ā

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ා [U+0DCF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN AELA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    aː, a

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D87 SINHALA LETTER AEYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ae

Śuddha independent vowel    æ

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ැ [U+0DD0 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI AEDA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    æ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D88 SINHALA LETTER AEEYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter aae

Śuddha independent vowel    ǣ

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෑ [U+0DD1 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA AEDA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    æː

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D89 SINHALA LETTER IYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter i

Śuddha independent vowel    i

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ි [U+0DD2 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI IS-PILLA​].

Sinhala    i

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D8A SINHALA LETTER IIYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ii

Śuddha independent vowel    ī

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ී [U+0DD3 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA IS-PILLA​].

Sinhala   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D8B SINHALA LETTER UYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter u

Śuddha independent vowel    u

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ු [U+0DD4 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    u

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D8C SINHALA LETTER UUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter uu

Śuddha independent vowel    ū

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ූ [U+0DD6 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA PAA-PILLA​].

Sinhala   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D91 SINHALA LETTER EYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter e

Śuddha independent vowel    e

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෙ [U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA​].

Sinhala    e

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D92 SINHALA LETTER EEYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ee

Śuddha independent vowel    ē

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ේ [U+0DDA SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA KOMBUVA​].

Sinhala   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D94 SINHALA LETTER OYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter o

Śuddha independent vowel    o

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ො [U+0DDC SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA AELA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    o

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D95 SINHALA LETTER OOYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter oo

Śuddha independent vowel    ō

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෝ [U+0DDD SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA DIGA AELA-PILLA​].

Sinhala   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Miśra independent vowels

U+0D8D SINHALA LETTER IRUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter vocalic r

Miśra independent vowel   

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෘ [U+0DD8 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN GAETTA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    ru, ri

Vocalic r. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

This can be also be written with śuddha letters රු ru, which corresponds to the actual pronunciation.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D8E SINHALA LETTER IRUUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter vocalic rr

Miśra independent vowel    r̥̄

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෲ [U+0DF2 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA GAETTA-PILLA​].

Sinhala    riː,ruː

Long vocalic r. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use, however the corresponding vowel sign, ◌ෲ [U+0DF2 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA GAETTA-PILLA​], is used, eg. කරතෲ karatr̥̄.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D93 SINHALA LETTER AIYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter ai

Miśra independent vowel    ai

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෛ [U+0DDB SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBU DEKA​].

Sinhala    ɑj

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D96 SINHALA LETTER AUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter au

Miśra independent vowel    au

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෞ [U+0DDE SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA GAYANUKITTA​].

Sinhala    ɑw

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D8F SINHALA LETTER ILUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter vocalic l

Miśra independent vowel   

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෟ [U+0DDF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN GAYANUKITTA​].

Sinhala    li

Vocalic l. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

This can be also be written with śuddha letters ලි li , which corresponds to the actual pronunciation.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D90 SINHALA LETTER ILUUYANNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala letter vocalic ll

Miśra independent vowel    l̥̄

The corresponding vowel sign is ◌ෳ [U+0DF3 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA GAYANUKITTA​].

Sinhala    liː

Long vocalic l. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Śuddha vowel signs

U+0DCF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN AELA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign aa

Śuddha vowel sign    ā

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D86 SINHALA LETTER AAYANNA].

Sinhala    ඇලපිල්ල ælapilla    aː, a

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD0 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI AEDA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign ae

Śuddha vowel sign    æ

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D87 SINHALA LETTER AEYANNA].

Sinhala    ඇදය ædaya    æ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD1 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA AEDA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign aae

Śuddha vowel sign    ǣ

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D88 SINHALA LETTER AEEYANNA].

Sinhala    දිග ඇදය diga ædaya    æː

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD2 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI IS-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign i

Śuddha vowel sign    i

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D89 SINHALA LETTER IYANNA].

Sinhala    ඉස්පිල්ල ispilla    i

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD3 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA IS-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign ii

Śuddha vowel sign    ī

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8A SINHALA LETTER IIYANNA].

Sinhala    දිග ඉස්පිල්ල diga ispilla   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD4 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign u

Śuddha vowel sign    u

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8A SINHALA LETTER IIYANNA].

Sinhala    පාපිල්ල pāpilla    u

As for Tamil, this vowel sign assumes various different shapes and connection points, depending on what consonant it follows. These examples show the main variations.

පු pu
කු ku
රු ru
ළු ḷu

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD6 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA PAA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign uu

Śuddha vowel sign    ū

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8C SINHALA LETTER UUYANNA].

Sinhala    දිග පාපිල්ල diga pāpilla   

As for Tamil, this vowel sign assumes various different shapes and connection points, depending on what consonant they follow. Below are some examples.

පූ
කූ
රූ

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign e

Śuddha vowel sign    e

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D91 SINHALA LETTER EYANNA].

Sinhala    කොම්බුව kombuva    e

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDA SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA KOMBUVA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign ee
≡ 0DD9 0DCA

Śuddha vowel sign    ē

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D92 SINHALA LETTER EEYANNA].

Decomposes to + [U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA + U+0DCA SINHALA SIGN AL-LAKUNA]

Sinhala    කොම්බුව සහ හල්කිරීම kombuva saha halkirīma   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDC SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA AELA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign o
≡ 0DD9 0DCF

Śuddha vowel sign    o

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D94 SINHALA LETTER OYANNA].

Decomposes to + [U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA + U+0DCF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN AELA-PILLA]

Sinhala    කොම්බුව සහ ඇලපිල්ල kombuva saha ælapilla    o

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDD SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA DIGA AELA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign oo
≡ 0DDC 0DCA

Śuddha vowel sign    ō

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D95 SINHALA LETTER OOYANNA].

Decomposes to + + [U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA + U+0DCF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN AELA-PILLA + U+0DCA SINHALA SIGN AL-LAKUNA]

Sinhala    කොම්බුව සහ හල්ඇලපිල්ල kombuva saha halælapilla   

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Miśra vowel signs

U+0DD8 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN GAETTA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign vocalic r

Miśra vowel sign   

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8D SINHALA LETTER IRUYANNA].

Sinhala    ගැටය සහිත ඇලපිල්ල gæṭa sahita ælapilla    ri,ru

Vocalic r. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

This can be also be written with śuddha letters රු ru, which corresponds to the actual pronunciation.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DF2 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA GAETTA-PILLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign vocalic rr

Miśra vowel sign    r̥̄

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8E SINHALA LETTER IRUUYANNA].

Sinhala    ගැටය සහිත ඇලපිලි දෙක gæṭa sahita ælapili deka    riː,ruː

Long vocalic r, eg. කරතෲ karatr̥̄. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDB SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBU DEKA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign ai

Miśra vowel sign    ai

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D93 SINHALA LETTER AIYANNA].

Sinhala    කොම්බු දෙක kombu deka    ɑj

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDE SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA HAA GAYANUKITTA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign au
≡ 0DD9 0DDF

Miśra vowel sign    au

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D96 SINHALA LETTER AUYANNA].

Decomposes to + [U+0DD9 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KOMBUVA + U+0DDF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN GAYANUKITTA]

Sinhala    කොම්බුව සහ ගයනුකිත්ත kombuva saha gayanukitta    ɑw

Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DDF SINHALA VOWEL SIGN GAYANUKITTA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign vocalic l

Miśra vowel sign   

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D8F SINHALA LETTER ILUYANNA].

Sinhala    ගයනුකිත්ත gayanukitta    li

Vocalic l. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

This can be also be written with śuddha letters ලි li , which corresponds to the actual pronunciation.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DF3 SINHALA VOWEL SIGN DIGA GAYANUKITTA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sinhala vowel sign vocalic ll

Miśra vowel sign    l̥̄

The corresponding independent vowel is [U+0D90 SINHALA LETTER ILUUYANNA].

Sinhala       liː

Long vocalic l. Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc). Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Virama & other combining characters

U+0DCA SINHALA SIGN AL-LAKUNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= virama

Virama

Sinhala    හල් කිරිම hal kirīma   

Indicates that the consonant is not followed by a vowel sound.

In most cases this is visible in Sinhalese text, appearing over the relevant consonant. It may have one of two different shapes, however, depending on the consonant it is associated with: with k you get ක්; with kh you get ඛ්.

It is also used to indicate that the font should use a conjunct shape and hide the virama. In this case it is used with ZWJ [U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER]. In modern text, the ZWJ follows the virama, and the result is a ligated shape or a reduced shape for one of the conjunct letters. The forms with r or y look like this when combined with k: ර්‍ක rk, ක්‍ර kr, and ක්‍ය ky. There is also a form using both: ක්‍ය්‍ර kjra. Wikipedia3 lists several more conjuncts, some of which are reproduced here:

ක්‍ව kva
ක්‍ෂ kṣa
ත්‍ථ ttha
ත්‍ව tva
න්‍ද nda
න්‍ධ ndha
ඳ්‍ඨ ňdṭha
ඳ්‍ධ ňddha
ඳ්‍ව ňdva

If ZWJ is used before the virama the font should produce an older form of conjunct where the character glyphs are drawn together so that they touch (and the virama is hidden), eg. ම‍්ම mm (cf. මම).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D82 SINHALA SIGN ANUSVARAYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= anusvara

Anusvara

Sinhala    binduva   

ŋ, eg. සිංහල siṃhala siŋhala Sinhala.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0D83 SINHALA SIGN VISARGAYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= visarga

Visarga

Sinhala visarga   

? Part of the extended (miśra) repertoire (for Sanskrit, Pali, etc).

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Punctuation

U+0DF4 SINHALA PUNCTUATION KUNDDALIYA

Paragraph terminator

Sinhala  

Equivalent to full stop. No longer in use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Numbers

Astrological digits

U+0DE6 SINHALA LITH DIGIT ZERO

Astrological digit    0

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DE7 SINHALA LITH DIGIT ONE

Astrological digit    1

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DE8 SINHALA LITH DIGIT TWO

Astrological digit    2

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DE9 SINHALA LITH DIGIT THREE

Astrological digit    3

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DEA SINHALA LITH DIGIT FOUR

Astrological digit    4

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DEB SINHALA LITH DIGIT FIVE

Astrological digit    5

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DEC SINHALA LITH DIGIT SIX

Astrological digit    6

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DED SINHALA LITH DIGIT SEVEN

Astrological digit    7

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DEE SINHALA LITH DIGIT EIGHT

Astrological digit    8

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

U+0DEF SINHALA LITH DIGIT NINE

Astrological digit    9

Sinhala Not in contemporary use.

General sources: Daniels pp408-412, Unicode pp513-514, Sinhalese alphabet

Archaic digits

𑇡

U+111E1 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT ONE

Sinhala archaic digit    1

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇢

U+111E2 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT TWO

Sinhala archaic digit    2

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇣

U+111E3 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT THREE

Sinhala archaic digit    3

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇤

U+111E4 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT FOUR

Sinhala archaic digit    4

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇥

U+111E5 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT FIVE

Sinhala archaic digit    5

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇦

U+111E6 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT SIX

Sinhala archaic digit    6

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇧

U+111E7 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT SEVEN

Sinhala archaic digit    7

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇨

U+111E8 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT EIGHT

Sinhala archaic digit    8

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇩

U+111E9 SINHALA ARCHAIC DIGIT NINE

Sinhala archaic digit    9

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇪

U+111EA SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER TEN

Sinhala archaic digit    10

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇫

U+111EB SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER TWENTY

Sinhala archaic digit    20

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇬

U+111EC SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER THIRTY

Sinhala archaic digit    30

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇭

U+111ED SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER FORTY

Sinhala archaic digit    40

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇮

U+111EE SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER FIFTY

Sinhala archaic digit    50

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇯

U+111EF SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER SIXTY

Sinhala archaic digit    60

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇰

U+111F0 SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER SEVENTY

Sinhala archaic digit    70

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇱

U+111F1 SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER EIGHTY

Sinhala archaic digit    80

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇲

U+111F2 SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER NINETY

Sinhala archaic digit    90

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇳

U+111F3 SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER ONE HUNDRED

Sinhala archaic digit    100

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

𑇴

U+111F4 SINHALA ARCHAIC NUMBER ONE THOUSAND

Sinhala archaic digit    1,000

Used in a historic number system, called Sinhala Illakkam, prior to 1815.

Refs: [1] Daniels pp408-412 [2] Unicode pp513-514 [3] Sinhalese alphabet

References

  1. [D] Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, The World's Writing Systems, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-507993-0
  2. [S] Sudewa, The N'Ko Alphabet
  3. [E] Everson et al., Proposal for encoding the N'Ko script in the UCS
  4. [W] Wikipedia, N'Ko script
  5. [U] The Unicode Standard v6.0
  6. [O] Omniglot, N'Ko
  7. [S]ScriptSource, N'Ko
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