Punctuation character notes

Updated 22 July, 2017 • tags punctuation, scriptnotes.

This page lists characters in the following Unicode blocks and provides information about them. It is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

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Spaces

U+2000 EN QUAD

Description in the Unicode standard:

≡ 2002 en space

U+2001 EM QUAD

Description in the Unicode standard:

= mutton quad
≡ 2003 em space

U+2002 EN SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= nut
• half an em
≈ 0020 space

U+2003 EM SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= mutton
• nominally, a space equal to the type size in points
• may scale by the condensation factor of a font
≈ 0020 space

U+2004 THREE-PER-EM SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= thick space
≈ 0020 space

U+2005 FOUR-PER-EM SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= mid space
≈ 0020 space

U+2006 SIX-PER-EM SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• in computer typography sometimes equated to thin space
≈ 0020 space

U+2007 FIGURE SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• space equal to tabular width of a font
• this is equivalent to the digit width of fonts with fixed-width digits
≈ [noBreak] 0020

U+2008 PUNCTUATION SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• space equal to narrow punctuation of a font
≈ 0020 space

U+2009 THIN SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• a fifth of an em (or sometimes a sixth)
→ (narrow no-break space - 202F)
≈ 0020 space

U+200A HAIR SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• thinner than a thin space
• in traditional typography, the thinnest space available
≈ 0020 space

U+200B ZERO WIDTH SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated ZWSP
• this character is intended for invisible word separation and for line break control; it has no width, but its presence between two characters does not prevent increased letter spacing in justification

U+205F MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• abbreviated MMSP
• four-eighteenths of an em
≈ 0020 space

Format characters

U+200C ZERO WIDTH NON-JOINER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated ZWNJ

Prevents two adjacent letters forming a cursive connection with each other when rendered.

Persian

The ZWNJ is used in Persian for plural suffixes, some proper names, and Ottoman Turkish vowels. Ignoring or removing the ZWNJ will result in text with a different meaning or meaningless text.1 For example, تن‌ها is the plural of body, whereas تنها is the adjective alone.2 The only difference is the presence or absence of ZWNJ after noon.

Refs: [1] [unicode8] p373    [2] Github discussion   

U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated ZWJ

Permits a letter to form a cursive connection without a visible neighbour.

Arabic

The marker for hijri dates is an initial form of heh, even though it doesn't join to the left, ie. ه‍. For this, use a U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER immediately after the heh, eg. الاثنين 10 رجب 1415 ه‍..

In some cases ـ [U+0640 ARABIC TATWEEL] is used to ensure that the shape looks right, because some applications or fonts don't produce the right effect when using the ZWJ, eg. الاثنين 10 رجب 1415 هـ..

U+200E LEFT-TO-RIGHT MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated LRM

U+200F RIGHT-TO-LEFT MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated RLM
→ (arabic letter mark - 061C)

U+2028 LINE SEPARATOR

Description in the Unicode standard:

• may be used to represent this semantic unambiguously

U+2029 PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR

Description in the Unicode standard:

• may be used to represent this semantic unambiguously

U+202A LEFT-TO-RIGHT EMBEDDING

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated LRE

U+202B RIGHT-TO-LEFT EMBEDDING

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated RLE

U+202C POP DIRECTIONAL FORMATTING

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated PDF

U+202D LEFT-TO-RIGHT OVERRIDE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated LRO

U+202E RIGHT-TO-LEFT OVERRIDE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated RLO

U+202F NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated NNBSP
• a narrow form of a no-break space, typically the width of a thin space or a mid space
→ (no-break space - 00A0)
→ (four-per-em space - 2005)
→ (thin space - 2009)
≈ [noBreak] 0020

U+2060 WORD JOINER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• commonly abbreviated WJ
• a zero width non-breaking space (only)
• intended for disambiguation of functions for byte order mark
→ (zero width no-break space - FEFF)

U+2066 LEFT-TO-RIGHT ISOLATE

U+2067 RIGHT-TO-LEFT ISOLATE

U+2068 FIRST STRONG ISOLATE

U+2069 POP DIRECTIONAL ISOLATE

Dashes and hyphens

U+2010 HYPHEN

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (hyphen-minus - 002D)
→ (soft hyphen - 00AD)

U+2011 NON-BREAKING HYPHEN

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (hyphen-minus - 002D)
→ (soft hyphen - 00AD)
≈ [noBreak] 2010

U+2012 FIGURE DASH

U+2013 EN DASH

U+2014 EM DASH

Description in the Unicode standard:

• may be used in pairs to offset parenthetical text
→ (two-em dash - 2E3A)
→ (katakana-hiragana prolonged sound mark - 30FC)

U+2015 HORIZONTAL BAR

Description in the Unicode standard:

= quotation dash
• long dash introducing quoted text

U+2E3A TWO-EM DASH

Description in the Unicode standard:

= omission dash
→ (em dash - 2014)

U+2E3B THREE-EM DASH

U+2E40 DOUBLE HYPHEN

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (equals sign - 003D)
→ (hyphen - 2010)
→ (double oblique hyphen - 2E17)
→ (katakana-hiragana double hyphen - 30A0)
→ (modifier letter short equals sign - A78A)

U+2E43 DASH WITH LEFT UPTURN

Quotations and apostrophe

U+2018 LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= single turned comma quotation mark
• this is the preferred character (as opposed to 201B)
→ (apostrophe - 0027)
→ (modifier letter turned comma - 02BB)
→ (heavy single turned comma quotation mark ornament - 275B)

U+2019 RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= single comma quotation mark
• this is the preferred character to use for apostrophe
→ (apostrophe - 0027)
→ (modifier letter apostrophe - 02BC)
→ (heavy single comma quotation mark ornament - 275C)

U+201A SINGLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= low single comma quotation mark
• used as opening single quotation mark in some languages

U+201B SINGLE HIGH-REVERSED-9 QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= single reversed comma quotation mark
• has same semantic as 2018, but differs in appearance
→ (modifier letter reversed comma - 02BD)

U+201C LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= double turned comma quotation mark
• this is the preferred character (as opposed to 201F)
→ (quotation mark - 0022)
→ (heavy double turned comma quotation mark ornament - 275D)
→ (reversed double prime quotation mark - 301D)

U+201D RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= double comma quotation mark
→ (quotation mark - 0022)
→ (double prime - 2033)
→ (heavy double comma quotation mark ornament - 275E)
→ (double prime quotation mark - 301E)

U+201E DOUBLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= low double comma quotation mark
• used as opening double quotation mark in some languages
→ (double low-reversed-9 quotation mark - 2E42)
→ (low double prime quotation mark - 301F)

U+201F DOUBLE HIGH-REVERSED-9 QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= double reversed comma quotation mark
• has same semantic as 201C, but differs in appearance

U+2039 SINGLE LEFT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= left pointing single guillemet
• usually opening, sometimes closing
→ (less-than sign - 003C)
→ (left-pointing angle bracket - 2329)
→ (left angle bracket - 3008)

U+203A SINGLE RIGHT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= right pointing single guillemet
• usually closing, sometimes opening
→ (greater-than sign - 003E)
→ (right-pointing angle bracket - 232A)
→ (right angle bracket - 3009)

Brackets

U+2E1C LEFT LOW PARAPHRASE BRACKET

U+2E1D RIGHT LOW PARAPHRASE BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in N'Ko

U+2E20 LEFT VERTICAL BAR WITH QUILL

U+2E21 RIGHT VERTICAL BAR WITH QUILL

U+2E22 TOP LEFT HALF BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (left ceiling - 2308)
→ (top left corner - 231C)
→ (left corner bracket - 300C)

U+2E23 TOP RIGHT HALF BRACKET

U+2E24 BOTTOM LEFT HALF BRACKET

U+2E25 BOTTOM RIGHT HALF BRACKET

U+2E26 LEFT SIDEWAYS U BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (subset of - 2282)

U+2E27 RIGHT SIDEWAYS U BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (superset of - 2283)

U+2E28 LEFT DOUBLE PARENTHESIS

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (left white parenthesis - 2985)
→ (fullwidth left white parenthesis - FF5F)

U+2E29 RIGHT DOUBLE PARENTHESIS

General punctuation

U+2016 DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in pairs to indicate norm of a matrix
→ (combining double vertical stroke overlay - 20E6)
→ (parallel to - 2225)
→ (double vertical bar - 23F8)

U+2017 DOUBLE LOW LINE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• this is a spacing character
→ (low line - 005F)
→ (combining double low line - 0333)
≈ 0020 0333

U+2020 DAGGER

Description in the Unicode standard:

= obelisk, long cross, oblong cross
→ (turned dagger - 2E38)

U+2021 DOUBLE DAGGER

Description in the Unicode standard:

= diesis, double obelisk

U+2022 BULLET

Description in the Unicode standard:

= black small circle
→ (middle dot - 00B7)
→ (one dot leader - 2024)
→ (bullet operator - 2219)
→ (inverse bullet - 25D8)
→ (white bullet - 25E6)

U+2023 TRIANGULAR BULLET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (end of proof - 220E)
→ (black right-pointing small triangle - 25B8)

U+2024 ONE DOT LEADER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• also used as an Armenian semicolon (mijaket)
→ (middle dot - 00B7)
→ (bullet - 2022)
→ (bullet operator - 2219)
≈ 002E full stop

Armenian punctuation miǰakēt

Used like a semi-colon – a shorter break than a full stop.

Ոչ ոք չպետք է լինի ստրկության կամ անազատ վիճակում․ պետք է արգելվեն ստրկատիրության ու ստրուկների առուծախի բոլոր ձևերը։ 

Refs: [1] [Unicode] p322 

U+2025 TWO DOT LEADER

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 002E 002E

U+2026 HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS

Description in the Unicode standard:

= three dot leader
→ (vertical ellipsis - 22EE)
→ (presentation form for vertical horizontal ellipsis - FE19)
≈ 002E 002E 002E

U+2027 HYPHENATION POINT

Description in the Unicode standard:

• visible symbol used to indicate correct positions for word breaking, as in dic·tion·ar·ies

U+2030 PER MILLE SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

= permille, per thousand
• used, for example, in measures of blood alcohol content, salinity, etc.
→ (percent sign - 0025)
→ (arabic-indic per mille sign - 0609)

U+2031 PER TEN THOUSAND SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

= permyriad
• percent of a percent, rarely used
→ (percent sign - 0025)
→ (arabic-indic per ten thousand sign - 060A)

U+2032 PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

= minutes, feet
→ (apostrophe - 0027)
→ (acute accent - 00B4)
→ (modifier letter prime - 02B9)

U+2033 DOUBLE PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

= seconds, inches
→ (quotation mark - 0022)
→ (modifier letter double prime - 02BA)
→ (right double quotation mark - 201D)
→ (ditto mark - 3003)
→ (double prime quotation mark - 301E)
≈ 2032 2032

U+2034 TRIPLE PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

= lines (old measure, 1/12 of an inch)
≈ 2032 2032 2032

U+2035 REVERSED PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (grave accent - 0060)

U+2036 REVERSED DOUBLE PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (reversed double prime quotation mark - 301D)
≈ 2035 2035

U+2037 REVERSED TRIPLE PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 2035 2035 2035

U+2038 CARET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (up arrowhead - 2303)
→ (modifier letter low circumflex accent - A788)

U+203B REFERENCE MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Japanese kome
= Urdu paragraph separator
→ (tibetan ku ru kha bzhi mig can - 0FBF)
→ (cjk unified ideograph-200AD - 200AD)

U+203D INTERROBANG

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (exclamation mark - 0021)
→ (question mark - 003F)
→ (inverted interrobang - 2E18)
→ (heavy interrobang ornament - 1F679)

U+203E OVERLINE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= spacing overscore
≈ 0020 0305

U+203F UNDERTIE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Greek enotikon
→ (smile - 2323)

U+2040 CHARACTER TIE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= z notation sequence concatenation
→ (frown - 2322)

U+2041 CARET INSERTION POINT

Description in the Unicode standard:

• proofreader's mark: insert here
→ (right semidirect product - 22CC)

U+2042 ASTERISM

U+2043 HYPHEN BULLET

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (hyphen-minus - 002D)

U+2044 FRACTION SLASH

Description in the Unicode standard:

= solidus (in typography)
• for composing arbitrary fractions
→ (solidus - 002F)
→ (division slash - 2215)

U+2045 LEFT SQUARE BRACKET WITH QUILL

U+2046 RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET WITH QUILL

U+204A TIRONIAN SIGN ET

Description in the Unicode standard:

• Irish Gaelic, Old English, ...
→ (ampersand - 0026)
→ (script ligature et ornament - 1F670)

U+204B REVERSED PILCROW SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (pilcrow sign - 00B6)

U+204C BLACK LEFTWARDS BULLET

U+204D BLACK RIGHTWARDS BULLET

U+204E LOW ASTERISK

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (asterisk - 002A)
→ (combining asterisk below - 0359)

U+204F REVERSED SEMICOLON

Description in the Unicode standard:

• also used in Sindhi
→ (semicolon - 003B)
→ (arabic semicolon - 061B)

U+2050 CLOSE UP

Description in the Unicode standard:

• editing mark
→ (modifier breve with inverted breve - AB5B)

U+2051 TWO ASTERISKS ALIGNED VERTICALLY

U+2052 COMMERCIAL MINUS SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

= abzüglich (German), med avdrag av (Swedish), piska (Swedish, 'whip')
• a common glyph variant and fallback representation looks like ./.
• may also be used as a dingbat to indicate correctness
• used in Finno-Ugric Phonetic Alphabet to indicate a related borrowed form with different sound
→ (percent sign - 0025)
→ (arabic percent sign - 066A)
→ (division sign - 00F7)

U+2053 SWUNG DASH

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (tilde - 007E)

U+2054 INVERTED UNDERTIE

U+2055 FLOWER PUNCTUATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= phul, puspika
• used as a punctuation mark with Syloti Nagri, Bengali and other Indic scripts
→ (heavy eight teardrop-spoked propeller asterisk - 274B)

U+2057 QUADRUPLE PRIME

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 2032 2032 2032 2032

U+2E18 INVERTED INTERROBANG

Description in the Unicode standard:

= gnaborretni
→ (interrobang - 203D)

U+2E19 PALM BRANCH

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used as a separator

U+2E44 DOUBLE SUSPENSION MARK

Double punctuation for vertical text

U+203C DOUBLE EXCLAMATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (exclamation mark - 0021)
≈ 0021 0021

U+2047 DOUBLE QUESTION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 003F 003F

U+2048 QUESTION EXCLAMATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 003F 0021

U+2049 EXCLAMATION QUESTION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

≈ 0021 003F

Archaic/historical punctuation

U+2056 THREE DOT PUNCTUATION

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (georgian paragraph separator - 10FB)

U+2058 FOUR DOT PUNCTUATION

U+2059 FIVE DOT PUNCTUATION

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Greek pentonkion
= quincunx
→ (die face-5 - 2684)

U+205A TWO DOT PUNCTUATION

Description in the Unicode standard:

• historically used to indicate the end of a sentence or change of speaker
• extends from baseline to cap height
→ (presentation form for vertical two dot leader - FE30)
→ (greek acrophonic epidaurean two - 1015B)

U+205B FOUR DOT MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used by scribes in the margin as highlighter mark
• this is centered on the line, but extends beyond top and bottom of the line

U+205C DOTTED CROSS

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used by scribes in the margin as highlighter mark

U+205D TRICOLON

Description in the Unicode standard:

= Epidaurean acrophonic symbol three
→ (vertical ellipsis - 22EE)
→ (triple colon operator - 2AF6)
→ (presentation form for vertical horizontal ellipsis - FE19)

U+205E VERTICAL FOUR DOTS

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in dictionaries to indicate legal but undesirable word break
• glyph extends the whole height of the line
→ (vertical six dots - 2E3D)

U+2E2A TWO DOTS OVER ONE DOT PUNCTUATION

U+2E2B ONE DOT OVER TWO DOTS PUNCTUATION

U+2E2C SQUARED FOUR DOT PUNCTUATION

U+2E2D FIVE DOT MARK

U+2E2E REVERSED QUESTION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

= punctus percontativus
→ (question mark - 003F)
→ (inverted question mark - 00BF)
→ (arabic question mark - 061F)

U+2E2F VERTICAL TILDE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used for Cyrillic yerik
→ (combining vertical tilde - 033E)
→ (cyrillic payerok - A67F)

U+2E30 RING POINT

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in Avestan
→ (ring operator - 2218)
→ (white bullet - 25E6)

U+2E31 WORD SEPARATOR MIDDLE DOT

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in Avestan, Samaritan, ...
→ (middle dot - 00B7)

U+2E33 RAISED DOT

Description in the Unicode standard:

• glyph position intermediate between 002E and 00B7
→ (full stop - 002E)
→ (middle dot - 00B7)

U+2E34 RAISED COMMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (comma - 002C)
⸿

U+2E3F CAPITULUM

Description in the Unicode standard:

• ancestor of the pilcrow sign
→ (pilcrow sign - 00B6)

Specialist symbols

New Testament editorial symbols

U+2E00 RIGHT ANGLE SUBSTITUTION MARKER

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (top left corner - 231C)

U+2E06 RAISED INTERPOLATION MARKER

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (down tack - 22A4)

U+2E0B RAISED SQUARE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used as an opening raised omission bracket

U+2E0C LEFT RAISED OMISSION BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used as an opening or closing raised omission bracket

U+2E0D RIGHT RAISED OMISSION BRACKET

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used as a closing or opening raised omission bracket

Ancient Greek textual symbols

U+2E0E EDITORIAL CORONIS

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (greek koronis - 1FBD)

U+2E12 HYPODIASTOLE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= ypodiastoli

U+2E13 DOTTED OBELOS

Description in the Unicode standard:

• glyph variants may look like '00F7' or '2238'
→ (commercial minus sign - 2052)

U+2E14 DOWNWARDS ANCORA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• contrary to its formal name this symbol points upwards

U+2E15 UPWARDS ANCORA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• contrary to its formal name this symbol points downwards

U+2E16 DOTTED RIGHT-POINTING ANGLE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= diple periestigmene

Ancient Near-Eastern linguistic symbol

U+2E17 DOUBLE OBLIQUE HYPHEN

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in ancient Near-Eastern linguistics
• hyphen in Fraktur text uses 002D or 2010, but with a '2E17' glyph in Fraktur fonts
→ (hyphen-minus - 002D)
→ (equals sign - 003D)
→ (hyphen - 2010)
→ (double hyphen - 2E40)

Dictionary punctuation

U+2E1A HYPHEN WITH DIAERESIS

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates umlaut of the stem vowel of a plural form

U+2E1B TILDE WITH RING ABOVE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates change in case for derived form

U+2E1E TILDE WITH DOT ABOVE

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates derived form changes to uppercase

U+2E1F TILDE WITH DOT BELOW

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates derived form changes to lowercase

Palaeotype transliteration symbol

U+2E32 TURNED COMMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates nasalization
→ (arabic comma - 060C)

U+2E35 TURNED SEMICOLON

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates sudden glottal closure
→ (arabic semicolon - 061B)

U+2E36 DAGGER WITH LEFT GUARD

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates retracted pronunciation

U+2E37 DAGGER WITH RIGHT GUARD

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates advanced pronunciation

U+2E38 TURNED DAGGER

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates retroflex pronunciation
→ (dagger - 2020)

U+2E39 TOP HALF SECTION SIGN

Description in the Unicode standard:

• indicates pronunciation on one side of the mouth only
→ (section sign - 00A7)

Typicon punctuation

U+2E46 INVERTED LOW KAVYKA WITH KAVYKA ABOVE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (modifier breve with inverted breve - AB5B)

U+2E47 LOW KAVYKA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (cyrillic kavyka - A67E)

Alternate forms of punctuation

U+2E3C STENOGRAPHIC FULL STOP

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used in shorthands and stenographies
→ (full stop - 002E)
→ (canadian syllabics full stop - 166E)

U+2E3D VERTICAL SIX DOTS

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (vertical four dots - 205E)
→ (dotted fence - 2999)

U+2E3E WIGGLY VERTICAL LINE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (wavy line - 2307)
→ (vertical zigzag line - 299A)

Reversed punctuation

U+2E41 REVERSED COMMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• also used in Sindhi
→ (comma - 002C)
→ (arabic comma - 060C)

U+2E42 DOUBLE LOW-REVERSED-9 QUOTATION MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ (double low-9 quotation mark - 201E)

Invisible operators

U+2061 FUNCTION APPLICATION

Description in the Unicode standard:

• contiguity operator indicating application of a function

U+2062 INVISIBLE TIMES

Description in the Unicode standard:

• contiguity operator indicating multiplication

U+2063 INVISIBLE SEPARATOR

Description in the Unicode standard:

= invisible comma
• contiguity operator indicating that adjacent mathematical symbols form a list, e.g. when no visible comma is used between multiple indices

U+2064 INVISIBLE PLUS

Description in the Unicode standard:

• contiguity operator indicating addition

Deprecated

U+206A INHIBIT SYMMETRIC SWAPPING

U+206B ACTIVATE SYMMETRIC SWAPPING

U+206C INHIBIT ARABIC FORM SHAPING

U+206D ACTIVATE ARABIC FORM SHAPING

U+206E NATIONAL DIGIT SHAPES

U+206F NOMINAL DIGIT SHAPES

References

First published 28 June, 2017. This version 2017-07-22 10:19 GMT.  •  Copyright r12a@w3.org. Licence CC-By.