Mongolian character notes

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

See also the companion document, Mongolian, for a summary of the Mongolian script and its use for the Mongolian language.

Phonetic transcriptions should be treated as an approximate guide, only. Many are more phonemic than phonetic, and there may be variations depending on the source of the transcription.

Related pages.
About this page
Other character notes.

Until I can generate graphics for the tables you should view this document in Firefox, and ideally have Mongolian Baiti font on your system. Safari makes a pig's breakfast of vertical Mongolian text. Chrome does a better job, but fails to maintain cursive connections when a span is used to highlight a character in a sequence.

Unfortunately, browser support for Mongolian is still rather fragile. Fonts typically behave differently from each other with regards to implementing the necessary OpenType rules for Mongolian contextual forms, and don't always do what you'd expect. (In particular, not all of the variant forms are produced by a given font.) Since the examples and tables in this page are not graphics, they may not always reflect what is intended, and are perhaps better treated as small tests, rather than canonical representations.

I found that some fonts didn't interact correctly with the zero width joiner on Safari and Chrome, so I had to resort to using nirugu characters instead.

Variant forms. Many of the characters have variant forms. The number and standard character sequences to create these variants have not yet been completely standardised. Work is going on to resolve this. Where a character has variant forms, you will see a link to another document; that document summarises the latest information I have about intended variation sequences and their support in fonts.

Shape tables. Inside the Mongolian letter descriptions there are also syllable tables, showing what the letter looks like when combined with a vowel. Only the red text is an expected combination for Mongolian – the grey examples are there to simply show what your font does when an unexpected combination appears.

Mongolian block