This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.
This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.
We have usage data for only the Mandaic language using this script.
The transliteration is based on Daniels.
If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.
To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.
To view this page as intended, you need a Mandaic font. This page comes with a Noto Sans Mandaic webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)
Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.
References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.
When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.
U+0841 MANDAIC LETTER AB
U+0842 MANDAIC LETTER AG
U+0843 MANDAIC LETTER AD
U+0844 MANDAIC LETTER AH
U+0846 MANDAIC LETTER AZ
U+0847 MANDAIC LETTER IT
U+0848 MANDAIC LETTER ATT
U+084A MANDAIC LETTER AK
U+084B MANDAIC LETTER AL
U+084C MANDAIC LETTER AM
U+084D MANDAIC LETTER AN
U+084E MANDAIC LETTER AS
U+0850 MANDAIC LETTER AP
U+0851 MANDAIC LETTER ASZ
U+0852 MANDAIC LETTER AQ
U+0853 MANDAIC LETTER AR
U+0854 MANDAIC LETTER ASH
U+0855 MANDAIC LETTER AT
U+0856 MANDAIC LETTER DUSHENNA
Cursive shapes: ࡖࡅࡖࡅࡖ ࡖ
di Has a morphemic function, being used to write the relative pronoun and genitive exponent ḏ-, eg. ࡖࡍࡐࡀࡒࡕ ḏnpaqt dinpaqt who left you and ࡖࡎࡉࡍࡀ ḏsina disina of hatred.
U+0857 MANDAIC LETTER KAD
U+0840 MANDAIC LETTER HALQA
U+0845 MANDAIC LETTER USHENNA
Cursive shapes: ࡅࡅࡅࡅࡅ ࡅ
Mandaic wa/ushenna u, uː, o
u, uː When used at the start of a word this letter is preceded by a silent ࡏ [U+084F MANDAIC LETTER IN], ie. ࡏࡅ....
o ࡚ [U+085A MANDAIC VOCALIZATION MARK] can be used below this letter in teaching materials to clarify that the sound should be o, rather than u, eg. compare ࡁࡅ bu and ࡁࡅ࡚ bo.
w is rare.
U+0849 MANDAIC LETTER AKSA
Cursive shapes: ࡉࡅࡉࡅࡉ ࡉ
Mandaic ya i, iː, e
i, iː When used at the start of a word this letter is preceded by a silent ࡏ [U+084F MANDAIC LETTER IN], ie. ࡏࡉ....
iː at the end of a word may be written as ࡉࡀ (although this is commonly read as ja), but may also be written using ࡏ [U+084F MANDAIC LETTER IN].
e ࡚ [U+085A MANDAIC VOCALIZATION MARK] can be used below this letter in teaching materials to clarify that the sound should be e, rather than i, eg. compare ࡁࡉ bi and ࡁࡉ࡚ be. Inside a word, if two of these characters would appear together, they are replaced by ࡏ [U+084F MANDAIC LETTER IN]. That character is also preferred to represent e when it follows a consonant with a point below the baseline, ie. ࡊ ࡍ ࡐ ࡑ.
j is rare.
U+084F MANDAIC LETTER IN
Cursive shapes: ࡏࡅࡏࡅࡏ ࡏ
Mandaic e -, e, i, iː, u
e when used alone at the start of a word.
It is also used with vowel characters or on its own to form vowels, in ways that are sometimes similar to the use of AIN in other writing systems, including the following situations:
U+0859 MANDAIC AFFRICATION MARK
Extends the character set to cover foreign sounds. They include the following:2
U+085B MANDAIC GEMINATION MARK
U+085A MANDAIC VOCALIZATION MARK
Used in teaching materials to disambiguate the sound of a vowel:
o is indicated when used with ࡅ [U+0845 MANDAIC LETTER USHENNA], eg. compare ࡁࡅ bu and ࡁࡅ࡚ bo,
e when used with ࡉ [U+0849 MANDAIC LETTER AKSA], eg. compare ࡁࡉ bi and ࡁࡉ࡚ be, and
a when used with ࡀ [U+0840 MANDAIC LETTER HALQA], eg. compare ࡁࡉ baː and ࡁࡉ࡚ ba.