Malayalam character notes

Updated Sun 31 Aug 2014 • tags malayalam, scriptnotes

This page lists characters in Unicode's Malayalam block and provides information about them. For information about Malayalam script and its features in general, see the companion document Malayalam Script Notes.

To view this page as intended, you need a Malayalam font. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font.

If you click on any red example text, you will see a list of the characters that make up the example appear at the bottom right of the page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase.

Index

Click on a character in the table to jump to its description. Only characters with a line below have descriptive notes attached (apart from any descriptions in the Unicode database).

 

Various signs   ം   ഃ   ൗ
Independent vowels
Consonants
Chillu letters ൿ
Additions for Sanskrit
Dependent vowel signs   ൢ   ൣ
Two-part dependent vowel signs   ൊ   ോ   ൌ
Virama   ്
Dot reph
Digits
Malayalam numerics
Date mark

Various signs

U+0D02 MALAYALAM SIGN ANUSVARA

Malayalam combining mark

m (used at the end of a syllable), eg. ഹംസം hamsam (swan).

U+0D03 MALAYALAM SIGN VISARGA

U+0D57 MALAYALAM AU LENGTH MARK

Description in the Unicode standard:

• used alone to write the /au/ dependent vowel in modern texts
→ (malayalam vowel sign au - 0D4C)

Independent vowels

U+0D05 MALAYALAM LETTER A

Malayalam independent vowel

a

U+0D06 MALAYALAM LETTER AA

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D07 MALAYALAM LETTER I

Malayalam independent vowel

i

U+0D08 MALAYALAM LETTER II

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D09 MALAYALAM LETTER U

Malayalam independent vowel

u

U+0D0A MALAYALAM LETTER UU

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D0B MALAYALAM LETTER VOCALIC R

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D0C MALAYALAM LETTER VOCALIC L

Malayalam independent vowel

Used only in one Malayalam word borrowed from Sanskrit.

U+0D0E MALAYALAM LETTER E

Malayalam independent vowel

e

U+0D0F MALAYALAM LETTER EE

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D10 MALAYALAM LETTER AI

Malayalam independent vowel

ai̯

U+0D12 MALAYALAM LETTER O

Malayalam independent vowel

o

U+0D13 MALAYALAM LETTER OO

Malayalam independent vowel

U+0D14 MALAYALAM LETTER AU

Malayalam independent vowel

au̯

Consonants

U+0D15 MALAYALAM LETTER KA

Malayalam consonant

k

U+0D16 MALAYALAM LETTER KHA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D17 MALAYALAM LETTER GA

Malayalam consonant

g

U+0D18 MALAYALAM LETTER GHA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D19 MALAYALAM LETTER NGA

Malayalam consonant

ŋ

U+0D1A MALAYALAM LETTER CA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= cha

Malayalam consonant

ʧ

U+0D1B MALAYALAM LETTER CHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= chha

Malayalam consonant

ʧʰ

U+0D1C MALAYALAM LETTER JA

Malayalam consonant

ʤ

U+0D1D MALAYALAM LETTER JHA

Malayalam consonant

ʤʰ

U+0D1E MALAYALAM LETTER NYA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= nha

Malayalam consonant

ɲ

U+0D1F MALAYALAM LETTER TTA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= ta

Malayalam consonant

ʈ

U+0D20 MALAYALAM LETTER TTHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= tta

Malayalam consonant

ʈʰ

U+0D21 MALAYALAM LETTER DDA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= hard da

Malayalam consonant

ɖ

U+0D22 MALAYALAM LETTER DDHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= hard dda

Malayalam consonant

ɖʰ

U+0D23 MALAYALAM LETTER NNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= hard na

Malayalam consonant

ɳ

U+0D24 MALAYALAM LETTER TA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= tha

Malayalam consonant

U+0D25 MALAYALAM LETTER THA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= ttha

Malayalam consonant

t̪ʰ

U+0D26 MALAYALAM LETTER DA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= soft da

Malayalam consonant

U+0D27 MALAYALAM LETTER DHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= soft dda

Malayalam consonant

d̪ʰ

U+0D28 MALAYALAM LETTER NA

Malayalam consonant

when initial and single.

n elsewhere when single.

The geminate form can be either, eg. പന്നി pan̪n̪i (pig) and കന്നി kanni (unmarried girl).

U+0D29 MALAYALAM LETTER NNNA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• historic use only

U+0D2A MALAYALAM LETTER PA

Malayalam consonant

p

U+0D2B MALAYALAM LETTER PHA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D2C MALAYALAM LETTER BA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D2D MALAYALAM LETTER BHA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D2E MALAYALAM LETTER MA

Malayalam consonant

m

An m at the end of a syllable is commonly written with ANUSVARA, eg. ഹംസം hamsam (swan).

U+0D2F MALAYALAM LETTER YA

Malayalam consonant

j

U+0D30 MALAYALAM LETTER RA

Malayalam consonant

U+0D31 MALAYALAM LETTER RRA

Malayalam consonant

r (alveolar)

when doubled, eg. മാറ്റം matːam (change).

U+0D32 MALAYALAM LETTER LA

Malayalam consonant

l

U+0D33 MALAYALAM LETTER LLA

Malayalam consonant

ɭ

U+0D34 MALAYALAM LETTER LLLA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= zha

Malayalam consonant

ɹ

U+0D35 MALAYALAM LETTER VA

Malayalam consonant

ʋ

U+0D36 MALAYALAM LETTER SHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= soft sha

Malayalam consonant

ɕ

U+0D37 MALAYALAM LETTER SSA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= sha

Malayalam consonant

ʃ

U+0D38 MALAYALAM LETTER SA

Malayalam consonant

s

U+0D39 MALAYALAM LETTER HA

Malayalam consonant

h

U+0D3A MALAYALAM LETTER TTTA

Description in the Unicode standard:

• historic use only

Chillu letters

U+0D7A MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU NN

U+0D7B MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU N

U+0D7C MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU RR

Description in the Unicode standard:

• historically derived from the full letter ra
• also used for chillu r

U+0D7D MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU L

Description in the Unicode standard:

• historically derived from the full letter ta
• used for chillu t and chillu d

U+0D7E MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU LL

ൿ

U+0D7F MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU K

Additions for Sanskrit

U+0D60 MALAYALAM LETTER VOCALIC RR

Malayalam vowel sign

Very rare.

U+0D61 MALAYALAM LETTER VOCALIC LL

Malayalam vowel sign

Very rare.

Dependent vowel signs

U+0D62 MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN VOCALIC L

Malayalam vowel sign

lu

Very rare.

U+0D63 MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN VOCALIC LL

Malayalam vowel sign

Very rare.

Two-part dependent vowel signs

U+0D4A MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN O

Description in the Unicode standard:

≡ 0D46 0D3E

Malayalam vowel sign

o

U+0D4B MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN OO

Description in the Unicode standard:

≡ 0D47 0D3E

Malayalam vowel sign

U+0D4C MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN AU

Description in the Unicode standard:

• archaic form of the /au/ dependent vowel
→ (malayalam au length mark - 0D57)
≡ 0D46 0D57

Malayalam vowel sign

au̯

Virama

U+0D4D MALAYALAM SIGN VIRAMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

= chandrakkala (the preferred name)
= vowel half-u

Dot reph

U+0D4E MALAYALAM LETTER DOT REPH

Description in the Unicode standard:

• not used in reformed modern Malayalam orthography

Digits

U+0D66 MALAYALAM DIGIT ZERO

U+0D67 MALAYALAM DIGIT ONE

U+0D68 MALAYALAM DIGIT TWO

U+0D69 MALAYALAM DIGIT THREE

U+0D6A MALAYALAM DIGIT FOUR

U+0D6B MALAYALAM DIGIT FIVE

U+0D6C MALAYALAM DIGIT SIX

U+0D6D MALAYALAM DIGIT SEVEN

U+0D6E MALAYALAM DIGIT EIGHT

U+0D6F MALAYALAM DIGIT NINE

Malayalam numerics

U+0D70 MALAYALAM NUMBER TEN

U+0D71 MALAYALAM NUMBER ONE HUNDRED

U+0D72 MALAYALAM NUMBER ONE THOUSAND

Date mark

U+0D79 MALAYALAM DATE MARK

First published 3 Feb 2014. This version 2016-03-11 10:17 GMT.  •  Copyright r12a@w3.org. Licence CC-By.