Lisu character notes

Updated Sun 31 2014 • tags lisu, scriptnotes

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them. It is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered or copied from various places.

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If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the hex number here:

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Consonants

U+A4D0 LISU LETTER BA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D1 LISU LETTER PA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D2 LISU LETTER PHA

Lisu consonant pʰɑ

U+A4D3 LISU LETTER DA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D4 LISU LETTER TA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D5 LISU LETTER THA

Lisu consonant

tʰɑ

U+A4D6 LISU LETTER GA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D7 LISU LETTER KA

Lisu consonant

U+A4D8 LISU LETTER KHA

Lisu consonant kʰɑ

U+A4D9 LISU LETTER JA

Lisu consonant ʥɑ

U+A4DA LISU LETTER CA

Lisu consonant ʨɑ

U+A4DB LISU LETTER CHA

Lisu consonant ʨʰɑ

U+A4DC LISU LETTER DZA

Lisu consonant ʣɑ

U+A4DD LISU LETTER TSA

Lisu consonant ʦɑ

U+A4DE LISU LETTER TSHA

Lisu consonant ʦʰɑ

U+A4DF LISU LETTER MA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E0 LISU LETTER NA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E1 LISU LETTER LA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E2 LISU LETTER SA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E3 LISU LETTER ZHA

Lisu consonant ʒɑ

U+A4E4 LISU LETTER ZA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E5 LISU LETTER NGA

Lisu consonant ŋɑ

U+A4E6 LISU LETTER HA

Lisu consonant

An allophone of [U+A4E8 LISU LETTER HHA] in complementary distribution. Occurs only in a final imperative marker.

U+A4E7 LISU LETTER XA

Lisu consonant

U+A4E8 LISU LETTER HHA

Lisu consonant ɦɑ

An allophone of [U+A4E6 LISU LETTER HA] in complementary distribution. The latter appears only in a final imperative marker, while this appear elsewhere and causes nasalisation of the whole syllable.

U+A4E9 LISU LETTER FA

Lisu consonant

U+A4EA LISU LETTER WA

Lisu consonant/vowel

Sometimes a vowel.

U+A4EB LISU LETTER SHA

Lisu consonant ɕɑ

U+A4EC LISU LETTER YA

Lisu consonant/vowel ʑɑ

Sometimes a vowel. Can form diphthongs with a following [U+A4F0 LISU LETTER E], [U+A4F3 LISU LETTER O] or [U+A4F4 LISU LETTER U].

U+A4ED LISU LETTER GHA

Lisu consonant/vowel ɣɑ

Sometimes represents a vowel (not sure which), eg. ꓭꓸ ꓚꓲ ꓘꓴꓽ ꓮꓸ ꓭꓸ.

Vowels

U+A4EE LISU LETTER A

Lisu vowel ɑ

Initially ʔɑ.

U+A4EF LISU LETTER AE

Lisu vowel ɛ

Initially ʔɛ.

U+A4F0 LISU LETTER E

Lisu vowel e

Initially ʔe.

Can form a diphthong with a preceding [U+A4EC LISU LETTER YA].

U+A4F1 LISU LETTER EU

Lisu vowel ø

Initially ʔø.

U+A4F2 LISU LETTER I

Lisu vowel i

Initially ʔi.

U+A4F3 LISU LETTER O

Lisu vowel o

Initially ʔo.

Can form a diphthong with a preceding [U+A4EC LISU LETTER YA].

U+A4F4 LISU LETTER U

Lisu vowel u

Initially ʔu.

Can form a diphthong with a preceding [U+A4EC LISU LETTER YA].

U+A4F5 LISU LETTER UE

Lisu vowel y

Initially ʔy.

U+A4F6 LISU LETTER UH

Lisu vowel ɯ

U+A4F7 LISU LETTER OE

Lisu vowel ə

Tones

U+A4F8 LISU LETTER TONE MYA TI

Lisu tone marker Pitch 55

Has been known to appear in combination with a following [U+A4FC LISU LETTER TONE MYA NA] or [U+A4FD LISU LETTER TONE MYA JEU] but is rarely seen in China.

U+A4F9 LISU LETTER TONE NA PO

Lisu tone marker Pitch 35

Has been known to appear in combination with a following [U+A4FC LISU LETTER TONE MYA NA] or [U+A4FD LISU LETTER TONE MYA JEU] but the latter is rarely seen in China.

U+A4FA LISU LETTER TONE MYA CYA

Lisu tone marker Pitch 44

Has been known to appear in combination with a following [U+A4FC LISU LETTER TONE MYA NA] or [U+A4FD LISU LETTER TONE MYA JEU] but is rarely seen in China.

The combination with MYA JEU coincides with the ending intonation of a question, and used to be used like a question mark at the end of a sentence, usually followed by [U+A4FF LISU PUNCTUATION FULL STOP], ie. ꓺꓽ꓿. Since the 1980s, however, this has been replaced by ASCII ? U+003F QUESTION MARK.

U+A4FB LISU LETTER TONE MYA BO

Lisu tone marker Pitch 33

Has been known to appear in combination with a following [U+A4FC LISU LETTER TONE MYA NA] or [U+A4FD LISU LETTER TONE MYA JEU] but is rarely seen in China.

U+A4FC LISU LETTER TONE MYA NA

Lisu tone marker Pitch 42

Has been known to appear in combination with a preceding [U+A4F8 LISU LETTER TONE MYA TI] or [U+A4F9 LISU LETTER TONE NA PO] or [U+A4FA LISU LETTER TONE MYA CYA] or [U+A4FB LISU LETTER TONE MYA BO] but all but NA PO are rarely seen in China.

U+A4FD LISU LETTER TONE MYA JEU

Lisu tone marker Pitch 31

Has been known to appear in combination with a preceding [U+A4F8 LISU LETTER TONE MYA TI] or [U+A4F9 LISU LETTER TONE NA PO] or [U+A4FA LISU LETTER TONE MYA CYA] or [U+A4FB LISU LETTER TONE MYA BO] but is rarely seen in China.

The combination with MYA CYA coincides with the ending intonation of a question, and used to be used like a question mark at the end of a sentence, usually followed by [U+A4FF LISU PUNCTUATION FULL STOP] ie. ꓺꓽ꓿. Since the 1980s, however, this has been replaced by ASCII ? U+003F QUESTION MARK.

Punctuation

U+A4FE LISU PUNCTUATION COMMA

Lisu punctuation

Approximately equivalent to a comma.

U+A4FF LISU PUNCTUATION FULL STOP

Lisu punctuation

Approximately equivalent to a full stop.

Characters from ASCII range

'

U+0027 APOSTROPHE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= apostrophe-quote (1.0)
= APL quote
• neutral (vertical) glyph with mixed usage
• 2019 is preferred for apostrophe
• preferred characters in English for paired quotation marks are 2018 & 2019
• 05F3 is preferred for geresh when writing Hebrew
→ (modifier letter prime - 02B9)
→ (modifier letter apostrophe - 02BC)
→ (modifier letter vertical line - 02C8)
→ (combining acute accent - 0301)
→ (hebrew punctuation geresh - 05F3)
→ (prime - 2032)
→ (latin small letter saltillo - A78C)

Lisu nasalisation mark.

Placed after a vowel to make it nasalised, eg. ꓳ'33 ʔõ goose.

-

U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS

Description in the Unicode standard:

= hyphen or minus sign
• used for either hyphen or minus sign
→ (hyphen - 2010)
→ (non-breaking hyphen - 2011)
→ (figure dash - 2012)
→ (en dash - 2013)
→ (hyphen bullet - 2043)
→ (minus sign - 2212)
→ (roman uncia sign - 10191)

Lisu punctuation

Used to bind together syllables in a name, eg. ꓡꓲ-ꓢꓴ lisu (Lisu).

_

U+005F LOW LINE

Description in the Unicode standard:

= spacing underscore (1.0)
• this is a spacing character
→ (modifier letter low macron - 02CD)
→ (combining macron below - 0331)
→ (combining low line - 0332)
→ (double low line - 2017)

Lisu vowel, a glide.

Pronounced ɑ and usually bearing a 31 pitch. Written after a verbal form to mark various aspects, eg. ꓠꓴ ꓙꓰꓻ_ ꓥꓳꓻ nu33ʤe33ɑ44ŋo33 (you will go) and ꓖꓳꓻ ꓡꓱꓻ ꓥ_ ꓟꓲꓻ go3333ŋɑ44ɑ31mi33 (but).

First published 3 Feb 2014. This version 2017-07-20 8:28 GMT.  •  Copyright r12a@w3.org. Licence CC-By.