Ethiopic character notes

Updated 12 July, 2018 • tags scriptnotes, ethiopic

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For a summary of the script and its use in writing systems, see the page Ethiopic script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

We have usage data for the following 2 languages that use the Ethiopic script: Amharic, Tigrinya.

Find

If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

To view this page as intended, you need a Ethiopic font. This page comes with a Ethiopic webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Syllables

U+1200 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HA

U+1201 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HU

U+1202 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HI

U+1203 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HAA

U+1204 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HEE

U+1205 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HE

U+1206 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HO

U+1207 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HOA

U+1208 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LA

U+1209 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LU

U+120A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LI

U+120B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LAA

U+120C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LEE

U+120D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LE

U+120E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LO

U+120F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LWA

U+2D80 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE LOA

U+1210 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHA

U+1211 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHU

U+1212 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHI

U+1213 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHAA

U+1214 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHEE

U+1215 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHE

U+1216 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHO

U+1217 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE HHWA

U+1218 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MA

U+1219 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MU

U+121A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MI

U+121B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MAA

U+121C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MEE

U+121D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ME

U+121E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MO

U+121F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MWA

U+2D81 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MOA

U+1359 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MYA

U+1380 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SEBATBEIT MWA

U+1381 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MWI

U+1382 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MWEE

U+1383 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE MWE

U+1220 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZA

U+1221 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZU

U+1222 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZI

U+1223 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZAA

U+1224 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZEE

U+1225 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZE

U+1226 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZO

U+1227 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SZWA

U+1228 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RA

U+1229 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RU

U+122A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RI

U+122B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RAA

U+122C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE REE

U+122D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RE

U+122E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RO

U+122F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RWA

U+2D82 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ROA

U+1358 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE RYA

U+1230 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SA

U+1231 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SU

U+1232 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SI

U+1233 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SAA

U+1234 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SEE

U+1235 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SE

U+1236 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SO

U+1237 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SWA

U+2D83 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SOA

U+1238 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHA

U+1239 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHU

U+123A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHI

U+123B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHAA

U+123C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHEE

U+123D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHE

U+123E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHO

U+123F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHWA

U+2D84 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SHOA

U+2DA0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSA

U+2DA1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSU

U+2DA2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSI

U+2DA3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSAA

U+2DA4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSEE

U+2DA5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSE

U+2DA6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SSO

U+1240 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QA

U+1241 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QU

U+1242 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QI

U+1243 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QAA

U+1244 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QEE

U+1245 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QE

U+1246 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QO

U+1247 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QOA

U+1248 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QWA

Syllable ḳʷä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+124A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QWI

Syllable ḳʷi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+124B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QWAA

Syllable ḳʷa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+124C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QWEE

Syllable ḳʷe

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+124D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QWE

Syllable ḳʷə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1250 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHA

Syllable ḳʰä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1251 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHU

Syllable ḳʰu

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1252 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHI

Syllable ḳʰi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1253 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHAA

Syllable ḳʰa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1254 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHEE

Syllable ḳʰe

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1255 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHE

Syllable ḳʰə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1256 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHO

Syllable ḳʰo

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1258 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHWA

Syllable ḳʰʷä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+125A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHWI

Syllable ḳʰʷi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+125B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHWAA

Syllable ḳʰʷa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+125C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHWEE

Syllable ḳʰʷe

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+125D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QHWE

Syllable ḳʰʷə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+2DC0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYA

U+2DC1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYU

U+2DC2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYI

U+2DC3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYAA

U+2DC4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYEE

U+2DC5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYE

U+2DC6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE QYO

U+1260 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BA

U+1261 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BU

U+1262 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BI

U+1263 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BAA

U+1264 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BEE

U+1265 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BE

U+1266 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BO

U+1267 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BWA

U+2D85 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BOA

U+1384 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SEBATBEIT BWA

U+1385 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BWI

U+1386 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BWEE

U+1387 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BWE

U+1268 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VA

U+1269 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VU

U+126A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VI

U+126B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VAA

U+126C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VEE

U+126D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VE

U+126E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VO

U+126F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE VWA

U+1270 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TA

U+1271 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TU

U+1272 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TI

U+1273 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TAA

U+1274 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TEE

U+1275 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TE

U+1276 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TO

U+1277 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TWA

U+2D86 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TOA

U+1278 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CA

U+1279 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CU

U+127A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CI

U+127B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CAA

U+127C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CEE

U+127D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CE

U+127E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CO

U+127F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CWA

U+2D87 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE COA

U+2DA8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCA

U+2DA9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCU

U+2DAA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCI

U+2DAB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCAA

U+2DAC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCEE

U+2DAD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCE

U+2DAE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCO

U+1280 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XA

U+1281 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XU

U+1282 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XI

U+1283 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XAA

U+1284 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XEE

U+1285 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XE

U+1286 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XO

U+1287 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XOA

U+1288 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XWA

Syllable ḫʷä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+128A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XWI

Syllable ḫʷi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+128B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XWAA

Syllable ḫʷa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+128C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XWEE

Syllable ḫʷe

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+128D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XWE

Syllable ḫʷə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1290 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NA

U+1291 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NU

U+1292 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NI

U+1293 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NAA

U+1294 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NEE

U+1295 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NE

U+1296 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NO

U+1297 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NWA

U+2D88 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NOA

U+1298 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYA

U+1299 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYU

U+129A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYI

U+129B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYAA

Syllable ña

Amharic

Used after a cardinal number, this gives the ordinal form, and is often rendered as a superscript.e§2.6.3

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+129C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYEE

U+129D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYE

U+129E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYO

U+129F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYWA

U+2D89 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE NYOA

U+12A0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL A

U+12A1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL U

U+12A2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL I

U+12A3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL AA

U+12A4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL EE

U+12A5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL E

U+12A6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL O

U+12A7 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL WA

U+2D8A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GLOTTAL OA

U+12A8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KA

U+12A9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KU

U+12AA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KI

U+12AB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KAA

U+12AC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KEE

U+12AD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KE

U+12AE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KO

U+12AF ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KOA

U+12B0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KWA

U+12B2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KWI

U+12B3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KWAA

U+12B4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KWEE

U+12B5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KWE

U+2DC8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYA

U+2DC9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYU

U+2DCA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYI

U+2DCB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYAA

U+2DCC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYEE

U+2DCD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYE

U+2DCE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KYO

U+12B8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXA

U+12B9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXU

U+12BA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXI

U+12BB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXAA

U+12BC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXEE

U+12BD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXE

U+12BE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXO

U+12C0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXWA

U+12C2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXWI

U+12C3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXWAA

U+12C4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXWEE

U+12C5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE KXWE

U+2DD0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYA

U+2DD1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYU

U+2DD2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYI

U+2DD3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYAA

U+2DD4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYEE

U+2DD5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYE

U+2DD6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE XYO

U+12C8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WA

U+12C9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WU

U+12CA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WI

U+12CB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WAA

U+12CC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WEE

U+12CD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WE

U+12CE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WO

U+12CF ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE WOA

U+12D0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL A

U+12D1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL U

U+12D2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL I

U+12D3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL AA

U+12D4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL EE

U+12D5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL E

U+12D6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHARYNGEAL O

U+12D8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZA

U+12D9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZU

U+12DA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZI

U+12DB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZAA

U+12DC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZEE

U+12DD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZE

U+12DE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZO

U+12DF ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZWA

U+12E0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHA

U+12E1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHU

U+12E2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHI

U+12E3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHAA

U+12E4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHEE

U+12E5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHE

U+12E6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHO

U+12E7 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZHWA

U+2D8B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZOA

U+2DB0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZA

U+2DB1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZU

U+2DB2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZI

U+2DB3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZAA

U+2DB4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZEE

U+2DB5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZE

U+2DB6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE ZZO

U+AB11 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZU

U+AB12 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZI

U+AB13 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZAA

U+AB14 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZEE

U+AB15 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZE

U+AB16 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DZO

U+12E8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YA

U+12E9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YU

U+12EA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YI

U+12EB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YAA

U+12EC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YEE

U+12ED ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YE

Syllable

Tigrinya

Used after a cardinal number, this gives the ordinal form, and is often rendered as a superscript.e§2.6.3

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+12EE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YO

U+12EF ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE YOA

U+12F0 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DA

U+12F1 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DU

U+12F2 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DI

U+12F3 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DAA

U+12F4 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DEE

U+12F5 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DE

U+12F6 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DO

U+12F7 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DWA

U+2D8C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DOA

U+12F8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDA

U+12F9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDU

U+12FA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDI

U+12FB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDAA

U+12FC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDEE

U+12FD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDE

U+12FE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDO

U+12FF ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDWA

U+2D8D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDOA

U+AB09 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHU

U+AB0A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHI

U+AB0B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHAA

U+AB0C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHEE

U+AB0D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHE

U+AB0E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE DDHO

U+1300 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JA

U+1301 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JU

U+1302 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JI

U+1303 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JAA

U+1304 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JEE

U+1305 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JE

U+1306 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JO

U+1307 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JWA

U+2D8E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE JOA

U+1308 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GA

U+1309 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GU

U+130A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GI

U+130B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GAA

U+130C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GEE

U+130D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GE

U+130E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GO

U+130F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GOA

U+1310 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GWA

U+1312 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GWI

U+1313 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GWAA

U+1314 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GWEE

U+1315 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GWE

U+2DD8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYA

U+2DD9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYU

U+2DDA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYI

U+2DDB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYAA

U+2DDC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYEE

U+2DDD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYE

U+2DDE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GYO

U+1318 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGA

U+1319 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGU

U+131A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGI

U+131B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGAA

U+131C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGEE

U+131D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGE

U+131E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGO

U+131F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGWAA

U+2D93 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGWA

Syllable ŋʷä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+2D94 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGWI

U+2D95 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGWEE

U+2D96 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE GGWE

Syllable ŋʷə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1320 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THA

U+1321 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THU

U+1322 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THI

U+1323 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THAA

U+1324 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THEE

U+1325 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THE

U+1326 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THO

U+1327 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THWA

U+2D8F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE THOA

U+1328 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHA

Syllable č̣ä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1329 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHU

U+132A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHI

U+132B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHAA

U+132C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHEE

U+132D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHE

Syllable č̣ə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+132E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHO

U+132F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHWA

Syllable č̣wa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+2D90 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CHOA

Syllable č̣oa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+2DB8 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHA

U+2DB9 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHU

U+2DBA ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHI

U+2DBB ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHAA

U+2DBC ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHEE

U+2DBD ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHE

U+2DBE ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHO

U+AB20 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHA

U+AB21 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHU

U+AB22 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHI

U+AB23 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHAA

U+AB24 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHEE

U+AB25 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHE

U+AB26 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE CCHHO

U+1330 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHA

U+1331 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHU

U+1332 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHI

U+1333 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHAA

U+1334 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHEE

U+1335 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHE

U+1336 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHO

U+1337 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHWA

U+2D91 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PHOA

U+1338 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSA

U+1339 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSU

U+133A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSI

U+133B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSAA

U+133C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSEE

U+133D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSE

U+133E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSO

U+133F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TSWA

U+AB28 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBA

U+AB29 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBU

U+AB2A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBI

U+AB2B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBAA

U+AB2C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBEE

U+AB2D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBE

U+AB2E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE BBO

U+1340 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZA

Syllable ṣ́ä

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1341 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZU

Syllable ṣ́u

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1342 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZI

Syllable ṣ́i

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1343 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZAA

Syllable ṣ́a

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1344 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZEE

Syllable ṣ́e

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1345 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZE

Syllable ṣ́ə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1346 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZO

Syllable ṣ́o

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1347 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE TZOA

Syllable ṣ́oa

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1348 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FA

U+1349 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FU

U+134A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FI

U+134B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FAA

U+134C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FEE

U+134D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FE

U+134E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FO

U+134F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FWA

U+135A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FYA

U+1388 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SEBATBEIT FWA

U+1389 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FWI

U+138A ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FWEE

U+138B ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE FWE

U+1350 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PA

U+1351 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PU

U+1352 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PI

U+1353 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PAA

U+1354 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PEE

U+1355 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PE

U+1356 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PO

U+1357 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PWA

U+2D92 ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE POA

U+138C ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE SEBATBEIT PWA

U+138D ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PWI

U+138E ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PWEE

U+138F ETHIOPIC SYLLABLE PWE

Diacritics

U+135E ETHIOPIC COMBINING VOWEL LENGTH MARK

Vowel length mark

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+135F ETHIOPIC COMBINING GEMINATION MARK

Gemination mark

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+135D ETHIOPIC COMBINING GEMINATION AND VOWEL LENGTH MARK

Gemination + vowel length mark

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

Punctuation

U+1360 ETHIOPIC SECTION MARK

Section mark

Amharic

Used to divide sections or subsections; generally three or more used together on a line of their own. e

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1361 ETHIOPIC WORDSPACE

Wordspace

Amharic ሁለት ነጥብ hulätə näṭəbə

Punctuation used to separate words. In modern text it has become less common in published materials than in handwriting.e

Where space is used to separate words, this character is sometimes used in lieu of a comma.→ e

Tigrinya ክልተ-ነጥቢ kələtä-näṭəbi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1362 ETHIOPIC FULL STOP

Full stop

Amharic አራት ነጥብ ʾäratə näṭəbə

Punctuation placed at the end of a sentence that describes a complete idea. e

Tigrinya ኣርባዕተ ነጥቢ ʾarəbaʿətä näṭəbi

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1363 ETHIOPIC COMMA

Comma

Amharic ነጠላ ሰረዝ näṭäla säräzə

Often used, to separate comparative and sequential lists of names, phrases, or numbers as well as to separate parts of a sentence that are not complete by themselves.

This code point and [U+1365 ETHIOPIC COLON] are in most cases regarded as glyph variants for the same punctuation symbol, although usually a document will consistently use only one or the other

There is a tendency to use the other code point more frequently, however, in religious works. e

Tigrinya ንጽል ጭሕጋር (ንጽል ሰረዝ) nəṣələ č̣əḥəgarə (nəṣələ säräzə)

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1364 ETHIOPIC SEMICOLON

Semicolon

Amharic ድርብ ሰረዝ dərəbə säräzə

Used to separate equivalent main phrases in one idea. Even though it is not placed at the end of a paragraph, it can be used to separate sentences with similar ideas in a paragraph. e

Tigrinya ድርብ ጭሕጋር dərəbə č̣əḥəgarə

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1365 ETHIOPIC COLON

Colon

Amharic ነጠላ ሰረዝ näṭäla säräzə

Although the Unicode name is 'colon', this is typically used like a comma, to separate comparative and sequential list of names, phrases, or numbers as well as to separate parts of a sentence that are not complete by themselves.

This code point and [U+1363 ETHIOPIC COMMA] are in most cases regarded as glyph variants for the same punctuation symbol, although usually a document will consistently use only one or the other.

There is a tendency to use this shape more frequently, however, in religious works, and so it could be called an ecclesiastical comma.e

It is also used for biblical references where English would normally use a colon, eg. ማቴ4፥23 , ዮሐ13፥16 Matt 4:23, John 13:16.e

Tigrinya ንጽል ጭሕጋር (ንጽል ሰረዝ) nəṣələ č̣əḥəgarə (nəṣələ säräzə)

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1366 ETHIOPIC PREFACE COLON

Preface colon

Amharic አስረጂ ሰረዝ ʾäsəräǧi säräzə

Punctuation that follows clarification of a subject. It will preface validation statements and examples that support the clarification. e

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1367 ETHIOPIC QUESTION MARK

Question mark

Amharic ምልክት ሕቶ (ትእምርተ ሕቶ) śosətə näṭəbə

Used at the end of the questioning sentence. In modern writing, ASCII ? [U+003F QUESTION MARK] is preferred.e

Tigrinya ንጽል ጭሕጋር (ንጽል ሰረዝ) mələkətə ḥəto (təʾəmərətä ḥəto)

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

U+1368 ETHIOPIC PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR

Paragraph separator

Amharic

May be used to conclude the final paragraph of a section in lieu of [U+1362 ETHIOPIC FULL STOP].

Like [U+1360 ETHIOPIC SECTION MARK], three or more may also be used together on a line of their own.e

General sources: Elreq, Unicode, Wikipedia

Symbols

U+1390 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK YIZET

Tonal mark

U+1391 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK DERET

Tonal mark

U+1392 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK RIKRIK

Tonal mark

U+1393 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK SHORT RIKRIK

Tonal mark

U+1394 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK DIFAT

Tonal mark

U+1395 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK KENAT

Tonal mark

U+1396 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK CHIRET

Tonal mark

U+1397 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK HIDET

Tonal mark

U+1398 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK DERET-HIDET

Tonal mark

U+1399 ETHIOPIC TONAL MARK KURT

Tonal mark

Numbers

U+1369 ETHIOPIC DIGIT ONE

U+136A ETHIOPIC DIGIT TWO

U+136B ETHIOPIC DIGIT THREE

U+136C ETHIOPIC DIGIT FOUR

U+136D ETHIOPIC DIGIT FIVE

U+136E ETHIOPIC DIGIT SIX

U+136F ETHIOPIC DIGIT SEVEN

U+1370 ETHIOPIC DIGIT EIGHT

U+1371 ETHIOPIC DIGIT NINE

U+1372 ETHIOPIC NUMBER TEN

U+1373 ETHIOPIC NUMBER TWENTY

U+1374 ETHIOPIC NUMBER THIRTY

U+1375 ETHIOPIC NUMBER FORTY

U+1376 ETHIOPIC NUMBER FIFTY

U+1377 ETHIOPIC NUMBER SIXTY

U+1378 ETHIOPIC NUMBER SEVENTY

U+1379 ETHIOPIC NUMBER EIGHTY

U+137A ETHIOPIC NUMBER NINETY

U+137B ETHIOPIC NUMBER HUNDRED

U+137C ETHIOPIC NUMBER TEN THOUSAND

References

  1. [U] The Unicode Standard v10.0, Ethiopic
  2. [E] Daniel Yacob, Ethiopic Layout Requirements
  3. [W] Wikipedia, Ge'ez script
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