Combining character notes

Updated 29 March, 2020

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For further information related to scripts, see the Script links pages.

Find

If you click on most example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example. Click on the Toggle images icon to toggle the large characters between font glyphs and graphics.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control just above.

To view this page as intended, you need appropriate fonts. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

The transliteration scheme was developed by myself, and, where possible, uses symbols that represent sounds typically associated with their equivalents, rather than the sometimes fairly arbitrary selection of diacritics found in other systems. Of course, the complexities of mapping graphemes to sounds means that this is far from a real phonetic transcription, but the process is reversible (unlike most transcriptions).

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Ordinary diacritics

̀

U+0300 COMBINING GRAVE ACCENT

́

U+0301 COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT

̂

U+0302 COMBINING CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT

̃

U+0303 COMBINING TILDE

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̄

U+0304 COMBINING MACRON

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̅

U+0305 COMBINING OVERLINE

̆

U+0306 COMBINING BREVE

̇

U+0307 COMBINING DOT ABOVE

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̈

U+0308 COMBINING DIAERESIS

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̉

U+0309 COMBINING HOOK ABOVE

̊

U+030A COMBINING RING ABOVE

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̋

U+030B COMBINING DOUBLE ACUTE ACCENT

̌

U+030C COMBINING CARON

̍

U+030D COMBINING VERTICAL LINE ABOVE

̎

U+030E COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE ABOVE

̏

U+030F COMBINING DOUBLE GRAVE ACCENT

̐

U+0310 COMBINING CANDRABINDU

̑

U+0311 COMBINING INVERTED BREVE

̒

U+0312 COMBINING TURNED COMMA ABOVE

̓

U+0313 COMBINING COMMA ABOVE

̔

U+0314 COMBINING REVERSED COMMA ABOVE

̕

U+0315 COMBINING COMMA ABOVE RIGHT

̖

U+0316 COMBINING GRAVE ACCENT BELOW

̗

U+0317 COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT BELOW

̘

U+0318 COMBINING LEFT TACK BELOW

̙

U+0319 COMBINING RIGHT TACK BELOW

̚

U+031A COMBINING LEFT ANGLE ABOVE

̛

U+031B COMBINING HORN

̜

U+031C COMBINING LEFT HALF RING BELOW

̝

U+031D COMBINING UP TACK BELOW

̞

U+031E COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW

̟

U+031F COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW

̠

U+0320 COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW

̡

U+0321 COMBINING PALATALIZED HOOK BELOW

̢

U+0322 COMBINING RETROFLEX HOOK BELOW

̣

U+0323 COMBINING DOT BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̤

U+0324 COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̥

U+0325 COMBINING RING BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̦

U+0326 COMBINING COMMA BELOW

̧

U+0327 COMBINING CEDILLA

̨

U+0328 COMBINING OGONEK

̩

U+0329 COMBINING VERTICAL LINE BELOW

̪

U+032A COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW

̫

U+032B COMBINING INVERTED DOUBLE ARCH BELOW

̬

U+032C COMBINING CARON BELOW

̭

U+032D COMBINING CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̮

U+032E COMBINING BREVE BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̯

U+032F COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW

̰

U+0330 COMBINING TILDE BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̱

U+0331 COMBINING MACRON BELOW

Descriptions elsewhere: Syriac.

̲

U+0332 COMBINING LOW LINE

̳

U+0333 COMBINING DOUBLE LOW LINE

Overstruck diacritics

̴

U+0334 COMBINING TILDE OVERLAY

̵

U+0335 COMBINING SHORT STROKE OVERLAY

̶

U+0336 COMBINING LONG STROKE OVERLAY

̷

U+0337 COMBINING SHORT SOLIDUS OVERLAY

̸

U+0338 COMBINING LONG SOLIDUS OVERLAY

Miscellaneous additions

̹

U+0339 COMBINING RIGHT HALF RING BELOW

̺

U+033A COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW

̻

U+033B COMBINING SQUARE BELOW

̼

U+033C COMBINING SEAGULL BELOW

̽

U+033D COMBINING X ABOVE

̾

U+033E COMBINING VERTICAL TILDE

̿

U+033F COMBINING DOUBLE OVERLINE

Vietnamese tone marks

̀

U+0340 COMBINING GRAVE TONE MARK

́

U+0341 COMBINING ACUTE TONE MARK

Additions for Greek

͂

U+0342 COMBINING GREEK PERISPOMENI

̓

U+0343 COMBINING GREEK KORONIS

̈́

U+0344 COMBINING GREEK DIALYTIKA TONOS

ͅ

U+0345 COMBINING GREEK YPOGEGRAMMENI

Additions for IPA

͆

U+0346 COMBINING BRIDGE ABOVE

͇

U+0347 COMBINING EQUALS SIGN BELOW

͈

U+0348 COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW

͉

U+0349 COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW

͊

U+034A COMBINING NOT TILDE ABOVE

IPA diacritics for disordered speech

͋

U+034B COMBINING HOMOTHETIC ABOVE

͌

U+034C COMBINING ALMOST EQUAL TO ABOVE

͍

U+034D COMBINING LEFT RIGHT ARROW BELOW

͎

U+034E COMBINING UPWARDS ARROW BELOW

Grapheme joiner

͏

U+034F COMBINING GRAPHEME JOINER

Additions for Uralic Phonetic Alphabet

͐

U+0350 COMBINING RIGHT ARROWHEAD ABOVE

͑

U+0351 COMBINING LEFT HALF RING ABOVE

͒

U+0352 COMBINING FERMATA

͓

U+0353 COMBINING X BELOW

͔

U+0354 COMBINING LEFT ARROWHEAD BELOW

͕

U+0355 COMBINING RIGHT ARROWHEAD BELOW

͖

U+0356 COMBINING RIGHT ARROWHEAD AND UP ARROWHEAD BELOW

͗

U+0357 COMBINING RIGHT HALF RING ABOVE

Miscellaneous additions

͘

U+0358 COMBINING DOT ABOVE RIGHT

͙

U+0359 COMBINING ASTERISK BELOW

͚

U+035A COMBINING DOUBLE RING BELOW

͛

U+035B COMBINING ZIGZAG ABOVE

Double diacritics

͜

U+035C COMBINING DOUBLE BREVE BELOW

͝

U+035D COMBINING DOUBLE BREVE

͞

U+035E COMBINING DOUBLE MACRON

͟

U+035F COMBINING DOUBLE MACRON BELOW

͠

U+0360 COMBINING DOUBLE TILDE

͡

U+0361 COMBINING DOUBLE INVERTED BREVE

͢

U+0362 COMBINING DOUBLE RIGHTWARDS ARROW BELOW

Medieval superscript letter diacritics

ͣ

U+0363 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER A

ͤ

U+0364 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER E

ͥ

U+0365 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER I

ͦ

U+0366 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER O

ͧ

U+0367 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER U

ͨ

U+0368 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER C

ͩ

U+0369 COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER D

ͪ

U+036A COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER H

ͫ

U+036B COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER M

ͬ

U+036C COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER R

ͭ

U+036D COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER T

ͮ

U+036E COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER V

ͯ

U+036F COMBINING LATIN SMALL LETTER X

References

  1. [ u ] The Unicode Standard v11.0