Buginese character notes

Updated 8 September, 2017 • tags scriptnotes, buginese

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them. It is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For information about the general features of the Buginese script see the Buginese script summary.

To view this page as intended, you need a Buginese font. This page comes with a Noto Sans Buginese webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font.

If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the hex number here:

Find

You can also find characters for which there are annotations using UniView (switch on Show notes).

The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.

Consonants

Basic consonants

U+1A00 BUGINESE LETTER KA

Buginese consonant    k

, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A01 BUGINESE LETTER GA

Buginese consonant    g

, eg. ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ basa ugi Buginese language.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A02 BUGINESE LETTER NGA

Buginese consonant    ng

ŋɑ, eg. ᨕᨆᨑᨙᨉᨀᨂᨛ amaradekangəng democracy.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A04 BUGINESE LETTER PA

Buginese consonant    p

pɑ, eg. ᨒᨄ lapa lava.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A05 BUGINESE LETTER BA

Buginese consonant    b

, eg. ᨕᨑᨅ araba Wednesday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A06 BUGINESE LETTER MA

Buginese consonant    m

, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A08 BUGINESE LETTER TA

Buginese consonant    t

, eg. ᨔᨈᨘ satung Saturday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A09 BUGINESE LETTER DA

Buginese consonant    d

, eg. ᨄᨉᨚᨕᨂᨛ paddoangeng prayers.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0A BUGINESE LETTER NA

Buginese consonant    n

, eg. ᨕᨗᨊ ina mother.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0C BUGINESE LETTER CA

Buginese consonant    c

, eg. ᨆᨌ maca clever.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0D BUGINESE LETTER JA

Buginese consonant    j

ɟɑ, eg. ᨍᨘᨆ juma Friday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0E BUGINESE LETTER NYA

Buginese consonant    ny

ɲɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A10 BUGINESE LETTER YA

Buginese consonant    y

explanation_of_usage

This character is also found as part of the ligature ᨕᨗ‍ᨐ which represents the sound iya. The ligature is formed using the sequence + ◌ᨗ + ZWJ + [U+1A15 BUGINESE LETTER A + U+1A17 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN I​ + U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER + U+1A10 BUGINESE LETTER YA]1. Note the different placement of the dot in the sequence ᨐᨗ yi. Care needs to be taken to distinguish iya from the larger nin ᨊᨗᨊ.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A11 BUGINESE LETTER RA

Buginese consonant    r

, eg. ᨅᨗᨌᨑ bicara language.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A12 BUGINESE LETTER LA

Buginese consonant    l

, eg. ᨒᨄ lapa lava.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A13 BUGINESE LETTER VA

Buginese consonant    w

, eg. ᨓᨕᨙ wae water.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A14 BUGINESE LETTER SA

Buginese consonant    s

, eg. ᨔᨒᨔ salasa sɑlɑːsɑ Tuesday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A16 BUGINESE LETTER HA

Buginese consonant    h

, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

This letter is used to represent Arabic sounds.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Consonant clusters

U+1A03 BUGINESE LETTER NGKA

Buginese consonant    ngk

ŋkɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A07 BUGINESE LETTER MPA

Buginese consonant    mp

mpɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0B BUGINESE LETTER NRA

Buginese consonant    nr

nrɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0F BUGINESE LETTER NYCA

Buginese consonant    nyc

ɲcɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Vowels

Independent vowel

U+1A15 BUGINESE LETTER A

Buginese consonant    a

ɑ, eg. ᨕᨔᨘ asu dog, or used in combination with vowel-signs to make independent vowels, eg. ᨕᨗᨊ ina mother.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Vowel signs

U+1A17 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN I

Buginese vowel-sign    i

i, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi kɑmɪːsɪ Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A18 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN U

Buginese vowel-sign    u

u, eg. ᨍᨘᨆ juma Friday .

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A19 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN E

Buginese vowel-sign    e

e, eg. ᨕᨙᨔᨙᨊᨙ eseneng eseneŋ Monday. This vowel-sign appears to the left of the base character.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1A BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN O

Buginese vowel-sign    o

o, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1B BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN AE

Buginese vowel-sign    ə

ə, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

punctuation

U+1A1E BUGINESE PALLAWA

Buginese punctuation pallawa

Breaks up phrases in places where English would typically add a comma or a full stop, eg.
ᨊᨄᨘᨊᨕᨗ ᨑᨗᨕᨔᨙᨂᨙ ᨕᨀᨒᨙ᨞ ᨊᨄᨘᨊᨕᨗ ᨑᨗᨕᨔᨙᨂᨙ ᨕᨈᨗ ᨆᨑᨙᨊᨗ ᨊ ᨔᨗᨅᨚᨒᨙ ᨅᨚᨒᨙᨊ ᨄᨉ ᨔᨗᨄᨀᨈᨕᨘ ᨄᨉ ᨆᨔᨒᨔᨘᨑᨙ᨞ Nappunai riasengnge akkaleng, nappunai riasengnge ati marennni na sibole bolena pada sipakatau pada massalasureng.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1F BUGINESE END OF SECTION

Buginese punctuation

Apparently used to indicate the end of a section.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

References

  1. [Wikipedia] Buginese script
  2. [Unicode] The Unicode Standard v10.0
  3. [Everson] Michael Everson, Proposal for encoding the Buginese script in the UCS
  4. [Everson2] Michael Everson, Proposal for encoding additional Buginese characters for Old Buginese in the UCS
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