Buginese character notes

Updated 12 July, 2018 • tags scriptnotes, buginese

This page lists characters in the following Unicode block and provides information about them.

This is not authoritative, peer-reviewed information – these are just notes I have gathered and copied from various places.

For a summary of the script and its use in writing systems, see the page Buginese script summary. For similar information related to other scripts, see this list.

We have usage data for the following language that uses the Buginese script: Buginese.

Find

If you click on any red example text, you will see at the bottom right of the page a list of the characters that make up the example.

Read more about how to use this page.

To find a character by codepoint, type #char0000 at the end of the URL in the address bar, where 0000 is a four-figure, hex codepoint number, all in uppercase. Or type the character or the hex number in the Find control above.

To view this page as intended, you need a Buginese font. This page comes with a Noto Sans Buginese webfont. Click the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the page to apply other fonts, if you have them on your system. For transcriptions I recommend the excellent and free Doulos SIL font. The large character in the box will not be rendered unless the webfont downloaded with the page or a system font has a glyph for it. (If there is no glyph and you want to see what it looks like, click on See in UniView.)

Information about languages that use these characters is taken from the list maintained for the Character Use app. The list is not exhaustive.

References are indicated by superscript characters. Wherever possible, those contain direct links to the source material. When such a pointer is alongside an arrow → it means that it's worth following the link for the additional information it provides. Digits refer to the main sources, which are listed at the bottom of a set of notes.

When you are using UniView and you turn on Show notes, UniView will pull in information about characters from this page.

Consonants

Basic consonants

U+1A00 BUGINESE LETTER KA

Buginese consonant    k

, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A01 BUGINESE LETTER GA

Buginese consonant    g

, eg. ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ basa ugi Buginese language.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A02 BUGINESE LETTER NGA

Buginese consonant    ng

ŋɑ, eg. ᨕᨆᨑᨙᨉᨀᨂᨛ amaradekangəng democracy.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A04 BUGINESE LETTER PA

Buginese consonant    p

pɑ, eg. ᨒᨄ lapa lava.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A05 BUGINESE LETTER BA

Buginese consonant    b

, eg. ᨕᨑᨅ araba Wednesday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A06 BUGINESE LETTER MA

Buginese consonant    m

, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A08 BUGINESE LETTER TA

Buginese consonant    t

, eg. ᨔᨈᨘ satung Saturday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A09 BUGINESE LETTER DA

Buginese consonant    d

, eg. ᨄᨉᨚᨕᨂᨛ paddoangeng prayers.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0A BUGINESE LETTER NA

Buginese consonant    n

, eg. ᨕᨗᨊ ina mother.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0C BUGINESE LETTER CA

Buginese consonant    c

, eg. ᨆᨌ maca clever.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0D BUGINESE LETTER JA

Buginese consonant    j

ɟɑ, eg. ᨍᨘᨆ juma Friday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0E BUGINESE LETTER NYA

Buginese consonant    ny

ɲɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A10 BUGINESE LETTER YA

Buginese consonant    y

explanation_of_usage

This character is also found as part of the ligature ᨕᨗ‍ᨐ which represents the sound iya. The ligature is formed using the sequence + ◌ᨗ + ZWJ + [U+1A15 BUGINESE LETTER A + U+1A17 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN I​ + U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER + U+1A10 BUGINESE LETTER YA]1. Note the different placement of the dot in the sequence ᨐᨗ yi. Care needs to be taken to distinguish iya from the larger nin ᨊᨗᨊ.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A11 BUGINESE LETTER RA

Buginese consonant    r

, eg. ᨅᨗᨌᨑ bicara language.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A12 BUGINESE LETTER LA

Buginese consonant    l

, eg. ᨒᨄ lapa lava.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A13 BUGINESE LETTER VA

Buginese consonant    w

, eg. ᨓᨕᨙ wae water.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A14 BUGINESE LETTER SA

Buginese consonant    s

, eg. ᨔᨒᨔ salasa sɑlɑːsɑ Tuesday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A16 BUGINESE LETTER HA

Buginese consonant    h

, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

This letter is used to represent Arabic sounds.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Consonant clusters

U+1A03 BUGINESE LETTER NGKA

Buginese consonant    ngk

ŋkɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A07 BUGINESE LETTER MPA

Buginese consonant    mp

mpɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0B BUGINESE LETTER NRA

Buginese consonant    nr

nrɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A0F BUGINESE LETTER NYCA

Buginese consonant    nyc

ɲcɑ

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Vowels

Independent vowel

U+1A15 BUGINESE LETTER A

Buginese consonant    a

ɑ, eg. ᨕᨔᨘ asu dog, or used in combination with vowel-signs to make independent vowels, eg. ᨕᨗᨊ ina mother.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

Vowel signs

U+1A17 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN I

Buginese vowel-sign    i

i, eg. ᨀᨆᨗᨔᨗ kamisi kɑmɪːsɪ Thursday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A18 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN U

Buginese vowel-sign    u

u, eg. ᨍᨘᨆ juma Friday .

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A19 BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN E

Buginese vowel-sign    e

e, eg. ᨕᨙᨔᨙᨊᨙ eseneng eseneŋ Monday. This vowel-sign appears to the left of the base character.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1A BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN O

Buginese vowel-sign    o

o, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1B BUGINESE VOWEL SIGN AE

Buginese vowel-sign    ə

ə, eg. ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ əso ahai Sunday.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

punctuation

U+1A1E BUGINESE PALLAWA

Buginese punctuation pallawa

Breaks up phrases in places where English would typically add a comma or a full stop, eg.
ᨊᨄᨘᨊᨕᨗ ᨑᨗᨕᨔᨙᨂᨙ ᨕᨀᨒᨙ᨞ ᨊᨄᨘᨊᨕᨗ ᨑᨗᨕᨔᨙᨂᨙ ᨕᨈᨗ ᨆᨑᨙᨊᨗ ᨊ ᨔᨗᨅᨚᨒᨙ ᨅᨚᨒᨙᨊ ᨄᨉ ᨔᨗᨄᨀᨈᨕᨘ ᨄᨉ ᨆᨔᨒᨔᨘᨑᨙ᨞ Nappunai riasengnge akkaleng, nappunai riasengnge ati marennni na sibole bolena pada sipakatau pada massalasureng.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

U+1A1F BUGINESE END OF SECTION

Buginese punctuation

Apparently used to indicate the end of a section.

Refs: [1] [Daniels] p480 [2] [Unicode] pp663-664 [3] Wikipedia: Lontara_alphabet

References

  1. [Wikipedia] Buginese script
  2. [Unicode] The Unicode Standard v10.0
  3. [Everson] Michael Everson, Proposal for encoding the Buginese script in the UCS
  4. [Everson2] Michael Everson, Proposal for encoding additional Buginese characters for Old Buginese in the UCS
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