Updated Tue 15 Oct 2017 • tags hebrew, scriptnotes
This page provides information about the characteristics of the script used to write Hebrew, as described in the Writing Systems Tutorial. It is not intended to be exhaustively scientific – merely to give a basic idea of the essential features of the script.
Click on the orange text in the table to the right to see more details about that aspect of the script. Click on red text in the main sample area to see a list of code points for that text.
כאשר העולם רוצה לדבר, הוא מדבר ב־Unicode. הירשמו כעת לכנס Unicode הבינלאומי העשירי, שייערך בין התאריכים 12־10 במרץ 1997, בְּמָיְינְץ שבגרמניה. בכנס ישתתפו מומחים מכל ענפי התעשייה בנושא האינטרנט העולמי וה־Unicode, בהתאמה לשוק הבינלאומי והמקומי, ביישום Unicode במערכות הפעלה וביישומים, בגופנים, בפריסת טקסט ובמחשוב רב־לשוני.
|Number of characters||87|
|Multiple combining characters||no|
|Many more glyphs than characters?||no|
|Space is word separator||yes|
Click on the orange text in the features list (right column) to see examples and notes. Click on highlighted text in the Sample section to see the characters. Click on the vertical blue bar, bottom right, to change font settings.
Diacritics for vowel sounds are typically not used. The example highlighted above shows how they could be used to clarify the pronunciation of the name of the German town Mainz.
In Hebrew several characters have a different shape at the end of a word, but each shape variant has it's own codepoint and keyboard key, so there is no need for rendering rules to choose the correct glyph.
This example shows U+05DE HEBREW LETTER MEM and U+05DD HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEM (on the left).
Click on the highlighted text in the Sample section to see the characters that make up this example.
Hebrew script is written right-to-left in the main, but as with all RTL scripts, numbers and embedded LTR script text are written left-to-right (bidirectional text). In the following example, the Hebrew words (red) are read right-to-left, starting with the one on the right, and the numeric expression (black) is read left-to-right, ie. it starts with 10 and ends with 12. (Note that this is unlike Arabic, where the 10 and 12 would be in opposite positions.)
Click on the highlighted text in the Sample section to see the characters that make up this example, and note the order in memory.
The Hebrew script characters in Unicode 7.0 are contained in a single block:
The following is an incomplete list of languages and the number of characters they use, per version 26 of CLDR's lists of characters (exemplarCharacters).