Mongolian variant forms

Updated Mon 9 Jan 2017 • tags mongolian, scriptnotes

This page shows the latest proposed shapes for positional and variant forms of Mongolian characters and what the major fonts currently produce.

There is some confusion about which shapes fonts should produce for Mongolian characters when combined with variation selectors, and sometimes also when not. Most letters have at least one isolated, initial, medial and final shape, but other shapes are produced by contextual factors, such as vowel harmony. Free variation selectors allow you to produce specific shapes regardless of rules in fonts or rendering software.

The other factor in this is what the actual fonts do. Sometimes they follow the Unicode standardised variants list, other times they diverge from it. Occasionally a majority of implementations appear to diverge in the same way, suggesting that the standardised list should be adapted to reality.

Sources: DS01 (16 Dec)L2/16-309 (26 Oct) Unicode Chart (v9.0)

Detailed information

Background

Unicode has a list of standardised variant shapes, dating from 27 November 2013, but that list is not complete and contains what are currently viewed by some as errors.

A new proposal (L2/14-031) was published on 20 January 2014, which attempted to resolve the current issues. The data in the DS01 columns in this document is derived from significant revisions of that proposal, arrived at through discussion with the major Mongolian font vendors and Mongolian script experts. The document called DS01 captures the results of that work and constitutes the newest set of proposals for Unicode.

The differences are being discussed by Mongolian experts on the public-i18n-mongolian list (see the archive). There is also a document log for these discussions.

This page also shows the recommendations of a proposal following a meeting of Mongolian and Chinese experts with Greg Eck in October 2016, that builds on and integrates DS01 with new information. Differences between that proposal and the previous DS01 proposal are highlighted.

How to use the document

For each Mongolian script letter, this page shows graphics to indicate the shape of the character in a given context (described in the left column). The graphics are standardised, and do not represent the actual font glyph shape produced by a particular font.

Note that the large character in the box above the top left of each table is not a graphic, and the shape of the character shown depends on the font currently in use.

The DS01 and WG2 columns

The DS01 column shows the proposals in the latest version of the DS01 document, (25 November, 2106) and includes consensus from discussions on public-i18n-mongolian@w3.org on what should be the result of a particular contextual or variant use of a character in the Mongolian script.

The column WG2 represents the proposals in L2/16-309, Proposed additions for Mongolian in 5th edition of UCS (26 October, 2016).

Hidden columns

There are two or three additional columns that are hidden by default. To see these columns, click on the blue vertical bar at the bottom right of the window, then select Show under Hidden columns.

The usage column indicates script usage (x1=Mongolian, x2=Todo, x3=Sibe, x4=Manchu); positional glyphs which show no “x” at all are to be understood as undefined (such glyphs at this position are only the recommended form, not a required form).

If there is a notes column, it contains brief notes about how a given shape is used.

The TUS9 column shows the information in the charts of The Unicode Standard v9.0.

The font columns

The columns to the right of the DS01 column indicate the shapes produced by various fonts. See below for a key to the abbreviations used.

Character images are sometimes surrounded by a coloured border with the following meanings:

Where there are divergences but it is believed that agreement has been reached on a way forward per DS01 by the font vendors, the left-hand column is coloured green and a description of the resolution is given in the notes below the table. Where addition research is needed, the left-hand column is coloured blue.

The text column

The right-most column of the table contains characters to allow you to check what glyphs are produced by fonts to which you have access.

Changing fonts and other display features

Click on the vertical blue line at the bottom right of the browser window to reveal or hide a set of option controls. You can change various parameters here, such as the font and font size of mongolian text on the page.

When it is open, you can apply a specific font to the text in the right-hand column by selecting it from the top pull-down menu in this control panel.

If the font you want to test is not available in the list selector, click on Add a font to these lists (found below the two list selectors in the control panel just mentioned) and enter the name of the font you want to add in the dialog box that appears. The font name will be added to the selection controls. Open the top list selector again, and click on the name of the font to apply it to the text in the right column. (Fonts you add to a list selector only stay on the list for the duration of the session.)

In the text column I use U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER by default to establish the context for connecting characters. By clicking on the Connectors radio button in the font dialog box, you can change the connector to U+180A MONGOLIAN NIRUGU.

The CSS for the text column also attempts to apply vertical text orientation to the characters. In some Firefox the resulting display may clip some glyphs. By clicking on the Direction radio button in the font dialog box, you can change the direction to horizontal. This may resolve the display problem. The switch only works for Firefox and Chrome browsers.

NOTE: The shapes shown as text will vary, depending on which operating system and which browser you are using. In particular, I found a lot of issues with Internet Explorer 11 on Windows7 with the Mongolian Baiti font version 5.0.1. These issues appear to go away on Windows8 with the 5.4.1 version of the font. Also Safari on the Mac performs badly in nearly all cases. Chrome appears to work well on both Windows and OS X, but not on the iPad.

Abbreviations and fonts tested

WG2: Working Group 2 proposal, based on L2/16-309, Proposed additions for Mongolian in 5th edition of UCS (26 October, 2016), which builds on DS01, and was produced during a meeting in Hohot.

DS01: Summary of discussions contained in the DS01 document, which is an update to the Jan 2014 L2/14-031 proposal. The information was supplied by Greg Eck and the aforementioned Mongolian script experts, and builds on work by him, Aaron Bell, and Andrew Glass.

MB: Mongolian Baiti font. This column shows results for two versions of Mongolian Baiti. The base version is 5.52, in Edge on Windows 10. Where a cell contains two images, separated by ≫ , the image to the right is for a pre-shipped version of Mongolian Baiti, which will be released in the future.

FZ: FangZhen's font, FZMWBTOT_Uni, v1.00 in Firefox on Mac OS X v10.11.6.

NSM: Noto Sans Mongolian font, v1.02 in Firefox on Mac OS X v10.11.6.

MWc: the Mongolian Universal White font, v1.1.2015.418, in Firefox on Mac OS X v10.11.6. This column also represents a collection of fonts from the same Almas source that all behave in the same way, including the following: Mongolian White, Mongolian Writing, Mongolian Title, Mongolian Art. The Mongolian White font provides only an isolate glyph for Todo, Sibe, Manchu or Ali Gali variants. The other fonts in the group do not cover these ranges at all. In the rare cases where the Mongolian White font produces a different glyph than the Mongolian Universal White, the table cell contains the former, then ≫, then the latter.

BS: Bolorsoft's MongolianScript font, v1.1, in Firefox on Mac OS X v10.11.6. This information was provided by Greg Eck and Badral Sanlig. This font does not provide more than an isolate glyph for Todo, Sibe, Manchu or Ali Gali variants, so most cells are left blank in these ranges. The table used to populate the BS column contained a few combinations that were not recorded for other fonts, although often the shape was the same as the form without FVS. Rather than create mostly empty new rows, those combinations are mentioned in notes after the table.

MS: Menksoft font. This information was provided by huqitu@163.com, and does not currently cover Sibe or Manchu sections.

fvs: Free variant selector.

is, in, m, f: isolate, initial, medial, final, respectively.

n/s: not specified. FVSx is not specified for this sequence. The implication is that the glyph that appears here will most likely be the default glyph at the given code-point at the given position.

Index

To find a glyph, use the Shape Index.

 

To find a character click on it in the table below.

 

Basic vowels
Basic consonants
Todo letters
Sibe letters
Manchu letters
Extensions for Sanskrit and Tibetan   ᢩ

Basic vowels

U+1820 MONGOLIAN LETTER A

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0430 а cyrillic small letter a
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx    
ᠠ 
is+fvs1 x---     ᠠ᠋
is+fvs2 -x--     n/s               ᠠ᠌
 
initial xxxx     ᠠ‍
in+fvs1 -x--     n/s   ᠠ᠋‍
 
medial xxxx     ‍ᠠ‍
m+fvs1 xx--     ‍ᠠ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- only NNBSP   ‍ᠠ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠠ᠍‍
m+VS1 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︀‍
m+VS2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︁‍
 
final xxxx     ‍ᠠ
f+fvs1 x--- only NNBSP/MVS   ‍ᠠ᠋
f+fvs2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ᠌
f+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠠ᠍
f+VS1 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︀
f+VS2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︁
f+VS3 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︂
f+VS4 x---     n/s             ‍ᠠ︃

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

initial+fvs1, medial+fvs2: If the UTC accepts the change of position from medial to initial for the initial A in suffix ACA, then the impact is that there is a new VS at initial+fvs1 instead of the old one at medial+fvs2.

Other notes:

The glyph produced is the same as is produced for the suffix ᠠᠴᠠ for all the fonts tested.

Notes from Greg Eck about m+fvs2: "The only place where the single tooth initial 1820 is used is with the masculine ablative suffix . Given the standard NNBSP model, this is an initial position and not a medial position. My thoughts here are similar to the 1836 final situation – the spec called for a medial. Font implementers created the 1820 medial+fvs. The display at standalone produced the desired effect – you could view the single tooth initial. Implementation went on to test in context. The implementation did not work. The contextual implementation was placed at initial position. The fvs stand-alone display was left at the medial position resulting in a mis-match of the stand-alone with the contextual implementation. If this is correct, then I suggest that the medial+fvs2 spec be dropped and the initial+fvs1 spec be added for the single tooth initial ."

"One more point that might be considered – if the ablative suffix ACA/ECE was indeed being processed in the medial position, then one would expect there to be a glyph for this at the 1821-E medial slot. There is none."

U+1821 MONGOLIAN LETTER E

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 044D э cyrillic small letter e
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
ᠡ 
 
initial x---     ᠡ‍
in+fvs1 x---     ᠡ᠋‍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠡ‍
m+fvs1 x--- only NNBSP               ‍ᠡ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     n/s               ‍ᠡ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠡ᠍‍
m+VS1 x---     n/s             ‍ᠡ︀‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠡ
f+fvs1 x--- only MVS/NNBSP   ‍ᠡ᠋
f+fvs2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠡ᠌
f+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠡ᠍
f+VS1 x---     n/s             ‍ᠡ︀
f+VS2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠡ︁
f+VS3 x---     n/s             ‍ᠡ︂
f+VS4 x---     n/s               ‍ᠡ︃

U+1822 MONGOLIAN LETTER I

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0438 и cyrillic small letter i
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
ᠢ 
 
initial x---     ᠢ‍
 
medial x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠢ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠢ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- contextual     ‍ᠢ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     n/s   ? ‍ᠢ᠍‍
 
final x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠢ
f+fvs1 x--- only NNBSP     ? ‍ᠢ᠋
f+fvs2 x---                 ‍ᠢ᠌

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate+fvs1: Added to handle accusative suffix (post NNBSP).
  2. medial+fvs2: Add as the override needed to shape NAIMA correctly.
  3. medial+fvs3: Add as the fourth medial double-tooth, which has been left out from the beginning.
  4. final+fvs1: There are a number of foreign loan words which require the tailed form if Final-I.

Bolorsoft lists two additional forms: f+fvs1 , used for "bi (meaning "I"), bui (meaning "is")", etc.; and f+fvs2 .

U+1823 MONGOLIAN LETTER O

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 043E о cyrillic small letter o
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x-xx    
ᠣ 
 
initial x-xx     ᠣ‍
 
medial x-xx     ‍ᠣ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠣ᠋‍
 
final x-xx     ‍ᠣ
f+fvs1 x-xx contextual   ‍ᠣ᠋

U+1824 MONGOLIAN LETTER U

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0443 у cyrillic small letter u

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
is+fvs1 ----       ᠤ᠋
 
initial x---     ᠤ‍
 
medial x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠤ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠤ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     n/s               ‍ᠤ᠌‍
 
final x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠤ
f+fvs1 x--- contextual     ‍ᠤ᠋
f+fvs2 x--- also NNBSP             ? ‍ᠤ᠌
f+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠤ᠍

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: Reverted to default form for majority of scripts and Q.
  2. isolate+fvs1: Dependent on which way the UTC decides, there may be a new VS here.
  3. isolate+fvs2: Variant added to handle genitive isolate U suffix.
  4. final+fvs1: Add for spellings in such foreign words as PALAU. Similar to METRO with the foreign final O, the GLYPH FOR the foreign final U is necessary.

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists one additional form: f+fvs2 , where the glyph is the same as for the ordinary final form but should have absolutely no NIRUGU, and which is used for genitive case suffix. The non-variant final form has to have a small "nirugu".

U+1825 MONGOLIAN LETTER OE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 04E9 ө cyrillic small letter barred o
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
is+fvs1 x---     n/s            
ᠥ᠋
 
initial x---     ᠥ‍
i+fvs1 x---     n/s             ᠥ᠋‍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠥ‍
m+fvs1 x--- contextual   ‍ᠥ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     ‍ᠥ᠌‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠥ
f+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠥ᠋
f+fvs2 x---     n/s               ‍ᠥ᠌

U+1826 MONGOLIAN LETTER UE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 04AF ү cyrillic small letter straight u

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
ᠦ 
is+fvs1 x---     ᠦ᠋
is+fvs2 ----       ? ᠦ᠌
 
initial x---     ᠦ‍
i+fvs1 x---     n/s         ᠦ᠋‍
 
medial x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠦ‍
m+fvs1 x--- contextual   ‍ᠦ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     ‍ᠦ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     n/s             ? ‍ᠦ᠍‍
 
final x--- also NNBSP   ‍ᠦ
f+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠦ᠋
f+fvs2 x--- also NNBSP     ? ‍ᠦ᠌
f+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠦ᠍

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate+fvs1: Dependent on which way the UTC decides, there may be a new VS here.
  2. isolate+fvs3: Added to handle the genitive UE suffix (post NNBPS).
  3. isolate+fvs2: Add.
  4. medial+fvs3: Added to handle dueger suffix without NNBSP.

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists three additional forms: i+fvs1 , and f+fvs2 and f+fvs3. Both the latter two look the same as the ordinary final,. The third form is reserved for "khalkha" form, and could be simply ignored.

U+1827 MONGOLIAN LETTER EE

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
ᠧ 
initial x---     ᠧ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠧ‍
final x---     ‍ᠧ

Notes

Old notes

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists one additional form: m+fvs1, but it looks the same as the ordinary medial, .

Basic consonants

U+1828 MONGOLIAN LETTER NA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 043D н cyrillic small letter en
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx    
 
initial xxxx also NNBSP   ᠨ‍
i+fvs1 x---     ᠨ᠋‍
 
medial xxxx     ‍ᠨ‍
m+fvs1 xxxx contextual   ‍ᠨ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     ‍ᠨ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     ‍ᠨ᠍‍
m+VS1 -x-- only NNBSP   n/s             ‍ᠨ︀‍
 
final xxxx contextual   ‍ᠨ
f+fvs1 x--- also MVS   n/s   ‍ᠨ᠋
f+fvs2 x---     n/s           ‍ᠨ᠌
f+fvs3 x---     n/s               ‍ᠨ᠍
f+VS1 x---     n/s             ‍ᠨ︀
f+VS2 x---     n/s             ‍ᠨ︁

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

final+fvs1: If the UTC decides in favor of moving the Pre-MVS final dotted N from medial to final, then there should be a new VS here at F+fvs1.

The 3rd medial form in Standardised Variants becomes the 2nd final form in the 2014 proposal, however the latter shows the same glyph for 2nd and 3rd medial forms. It should show the slightly taller variant (used in Todo) as the 3rd medial form (shown as the 4th medial in the other docs). There is no 4th medial in the 2014 proposal.

U+1829 MONGOLIAN LETTER ANG

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x--x  
 
initial ----     ᠩ‍
 
medial x--x     ‍ᠩ‍
m+fvs1 x--x   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠍‍
 
final x--x     ‍ᠩ
f+fvs1 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠋
f+fvs2 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠌
f+fvs3 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ᠍
f+VS1 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ︀
f+VS2 x---   n/s               ‍ᠩ︁

U+182A MONGOLIAN LETTER BA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0431 б cyrillic small letter be
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x-xx    
initial x-xx     ᠪ‍
medial 1 x-xx also NNBSP   ‍ᠪ‍
 
final x-xx     ‍ᠪ
f+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠪ᠋

U+182B MONGOLIAN LETTER PA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 043F п cyrillic small letter pe
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--     ᠫ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᠫ‍
final x---     ‍ᠫ

U+182C MONGOLIAN LETTER QA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0445 х cyrillic small letter ha
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
is+fvs1 x--- feminine   ᠬ᠋
is+fvs2 x--- feminine     ᠬ᠌
 
initial x---     ᠬ‍
i+fvs1 x---     ᠬ᠋‍
i+fvs2 x--- feminine     ? ᠬ᠌
i+fvs3 x--- feminine             ᠬ᠍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠬ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠬ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x---     ‍ᠬ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---     ‍ᠬ᠍‍
m+VS1 x--- feminine             ‍ᠬ︀‍
m+VS2 x--- feminine               ‍ᠬ︁‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠬ
f+fvs1 x---     n/s n/s   ‍ᠬ᠋

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate+fvs1/2: The MB latest glyph for is+fvs1 is a mistake. These VS should have been there from the beginning. All are in agreement here including Professor Quejingzhabu.
  2. initial+fvs2: QQIR as given by Erdenechimeg.
  3. final, final+fvs1: Pending decision by the UTC on moving Pre-MVS dotted final from medial to final. We have discussed the glyphs at medial+fvs2/3 moving to final and final+fvs1, and have reached consensus. However we have not discussed fully the glyphs that replace the old slots at medial+fvs2/3. Therefore we do have consensus on the glyphs at final and final+fvs1, but we do not yet have consensus on the new items at medial+fvs2/3.

The following from Greg Eck explains the how some forms in the Q column were interpreted:

Given the initial premise from my last email "The presentation form = the isolate form (or the first isolate in the case of a character with more than one isolate)"

#1 The MGWBM shows the male loop "ml qa initial form". This is the presentation form (and at the same time the first isolate).

#2 The MGWBM shows the loop without dots "ml qa feminine isolate form".

#3 The MGWBM shows the loop with dots "ml qa feminine isolate form with dots".

So, it is reasonable to assume that #2 above, the loop without the dots, is the primary as it is the first in the list. Not only that, but the main difference between 182C and 182D is that 182C does not carry the dots whereas 182D does carry the dots. Since one of the main characteristics of the QA is that it does not carry dots, you would think that the primary isolate would also be without dots. So, that would make #2, the "ml qa feminine isolate form", to be the second isolate. As the loop with the dots, #3, follows rather than precedes, it is reasonable to interpret the MGWBM as saying that the "ml qa feminine isolate form with dots" is the third isolate. You need to have both to represent the formation of ligatures between the following combinations:

Initial_182C + Medial_Feminine_Vowel
Initial_182C + Final_Feminine_Vowel
Medial_182C + Medial_Feminine_Vowel
Medial_182C + Final_Feminine_Vowel

As with the feminine consonant Todo 184D, however, the feminine loop forms of the 182C isolate (what I refer to above as the second isolate and the third isolate) will never appear on their own. The isolates are designed merely to "represent" the presence of their ligatured forms.

NOTE: #3 glyph is used only in archaic Mongolian literature

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists one additional form: i+fvs2 .

U+182D MONGOLIAN LETTER GA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0433 г cyrillic small letter ghe
form usage notes UCS2 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
is+fvs1 x--- feminine     ᠭ᠋
is+fvs2 x--- feminine     ᠭ᠌
 
initial x---     ᠭ‍
i+fvs1 x---     ᠭ᠋‍
i+fvs2 x--- feminine,
contextual
    ᠭ᠌‍
i+fvs3 x--- feminine,
contextual
            ᠭ᠍‍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠭ‍
m+fvs1 x--- contextual   ‍ᠭ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- feminine,
contextual
  ‍ᠭ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x---

feminine,
contextual

  ? ‍ᠭ᠍‍
m+VS1 x---     n/s           ‍ᠭ︀‍
 
final x--- also MVS   ‍ᠭ
f+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠭ᠋
f+fvs2 x---

feminine,
contextual

    ‍ᠭ᠌
f+fvs3 x--- also MVS   n/s             ‍ᠭ᠍
f+VS1 x--- feminine   n/s             ‍ᠭ︀
f+VS2 x--- feminine   n/s             ‍ᠭ︁
f+VS3 x--- feminine   n/s             ‍ᠭ︂
f+VS4 x--- feminine   n/s             ‍ᠭ︃

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate+fvs1/2: The NP proposal for these two glyphs was swapped, bringing it in line with the general pattern of the group.
  2. initial+fvs2:This is the feminine initial loop needed for foreign spellings such as GRAM.
  3. medial, medial+fvs1: While a different approach might be taken if starting from scratch, the earliest specifications stated that the default was the undotted, so we will have to leave the NP as it is.
  4. medial+fvs2: In support of the override to the default double-tooth undotted to support compounds such as COG+FVS2+AGULA.
  5. final+fvs1: The USVL glyph was a Unicode error from the beginning.
  6. final+fvs3: Pending UTC decision on change of pre-MVS dotted final from medial to final.

The USVL form shown for f+fvs1 was incorrectly placed in the document by error, and should have appeared as f+fvs2. (It is left as currently shown above.)

The NP for final+fvs1 is the over-ride to allow for the rightward sweep when context dictates a leftward sweep. That is why it looks the same as the final character in the chart.

The following from Greg Eck explains the how some forms in the Q column were interpreted:

#4 The MGWBM shows the male loop "ml ga initial form with dots". This is the presentation form (and at the same time the first isolate).

#5 The MGWBM fails to show the loop with dots but is expected to be there as it is in 182C. I think this is merely an omission.

#6 The MGWBM shows the loop without dots "ml ga feminine isolate form".

As with 182C above, it is reasonable to assume that #5 above, the loop with the dots, is the primary even though it is not listed. Since one of the main characteristics of the GA is that it does carry the dots, you would think that the primary isolate would also be with dots. So, that would make #5 to be the second isolate. As 182D ligature behavior closely follows 182C above, it is reasonable to interpret the MGWBM as saying that #6, the "ml ga feminine isolate form", is the third isolate. You need to have both to represent the formation of ligatures between the following combinations:

Initial_182D + Medial_Feminine_Vowel
Initial_182D + Final_Feminine_Vowel
Medial_182D + Medial_Feminine_Vowel
Medial_182D + Final_Feminine_Vowel

As with the feminine consonant Todo 184D, however, the feminine loop forms of the 182D isolate (what I refer to above as the second isolate and the third isolate) will never appear on their own. The two isolates are designed merely to "represent" the presence of their ligatured forms.

NOTE: #6 glyph is used only in archaic Mongolian literature

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists one additional form: i+fvs3 , but the shape is the same as m+fvs2.

U+182E MONGOLIAN LETTER MA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 043C м cyrillic small letter em
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x-xx    
initial x-xx       ᠮ‍
medial x-xx       ‍ᠮ‍
final x-xx also MVS     ‍ᠮ

U+182F MONGOLIAN LETTER LA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→043B л cyrillic small letter el
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx    
initial xxxx also NNBSP     ᠯ‍
medial xxxx       ‍ᠯ‍
final xxxx also MVS     ‍ᠯ

U+1830 MONGOLIAN LETTER SA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0441 с cyrillic small letter es
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx  
initial xxxx   ᠰ‍
medial xxxx   ‍ᠰ‍
 
final xxxx   ‍ᠰ
f+fvs1 x---   ‍ᠰ᠋
f+fvs2 ---x   ‍ᠰ᠌

Notes

[20161224 Greg] The small F+FVS1 variant is the preferred shape/size of the two variants. This is the more common shape found in older documents. The larger shape is more of a stylish variation

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final+fvs1: No objection from FZ/MS.

U+1831 MONGOLIAN LETTER SHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0448 ш cyrillic small letter sha
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--     ᠱ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᠱ‍
final xx--     ‍ᠱ

U+1832 MONGOLIAN LETTER TA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0442 т cyrillic small letter te - 0442
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
initial x--- also NNBSP   ᠲ‍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠲ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠲ᠋‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠲ

U+1833 MONGOLIAN LETTER DA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0434 д cyrillic small letter de
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---    
 
initial x--- also NNBSP   ᠳ‍
i+fvs1 x---     ᠳ᠋‍
 
medial x---     ‍ᠳ‍
m+fvs1 x--- also NNBSP,
contextual
  ‍ᠳ᠋‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠳ
f+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠳ᠋

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial, medial+fvs1: Bolorsoft reasoning for the difference at is that of occurrence count. The NP medial+fvs1 is more frequent than the medial form.

U+1834 MONGOLIAN LETTER CHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0447 ч cyrillic small letter che
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx    
initial xxxx       ᠴ‍
 
medial xxxx       ‍ᠴ‍
m+fvs1 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠴ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠴ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠴ᠍‍
 
final x---       ‍ᠴ

U+1835 MONGOLIAN LETTER JA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0436 ж cyrillic small letter zhe
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x--x    
initial x--x     ᠵ‍
 
medial x--x     ‍ᠵ‍
m+fvs1 x--- interchange   ‍ᠵ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠵ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠵ᠍‍
m+VS1 x--- interchange,
only MVS
  n/s               ‍ᠵ︀‍
m+VS2 x--- interchange,
only MVS
  n/s             ‍ᠵ︁‍
 
final x---     ‍ᠵ
f+fvs1       n/s n/s   ‍ᠵ᠋

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial+fvs1: Based on following the earlier notation.
  2. final+fvs1: Pending UTC decision on whether to move the pre-MVS final from medial to final.

U+1836 MONGOLIAN LETTER YA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0493 й cyrillic small letter short i
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x-xx    
 
initial x-xx also NNBSP   ᠶ‍
i+fvs1 x--- also NNBSP,
contextual
  ᠶ᠋‍
 
medial x-xx     ‍ᠶ‍
m+fvs1 x---     ‍ᠶ᠋‍
m+fvs2 x--- contextual   ‍ᠶ᠌‍
m+fvs3 x--- interchange   n/s               ‍ᠶ᠍‍
m+VS1 x--- interchange   n/s             ‍ᠶ︀‍
 
final x--- also MVS   ‍ᠶ
f+fvs1 x---     n/s               ‍ᠶ᠋

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial, medial+fvs1: As most of the other font developers have gone the route of for the first medial and for the second medial, the NP was changed also. The current Chinese documentation is ambiguous and allows either path.

Analysis for Professor Quejingzhabu's Mongolian Specification 9.0 and by Greg Eck suggest that the 2014 proposal is correct for the medial forms, and that therefore the fonts shown above will need to be changed.

Note from Greg Eck: "Medial defaults were changed in specification 9.0 of Professor Quejingzhabu's work. Baiti has implemented these changes. Probably FangZhen, MenkhSoft, and JadeBird have followed suit. Not sure as of present. Suggest we wait for data to come in from these three fonts on the 1836 implementation before evaluating further."

Another note, specifically about m+fvs2: "I question whether FZ, NS, and MS are really used/needed/fully-functional_in_context_of_OpenType_rulings and therefore may be able to be removed. If they were removed, then the question of a specification at 1836 Medial+FVS2 becomes moot. The reason I doubt that they are actually in use is that the same glyph also appears in the final position. The thesis for my argument is that the glyph only shows up before MVS/NNBSP. This position given the MVS/NNBSP model is a final position. It is not a medial position as determined by the standard MVS/NNBSP model. My thought is that the medial+FVS2 variant was implemented to follow spec. At implementation time, it was found that the spec was wrong and the implementation was needed at the final position. The final implementation was made. The font displayed correctly. The result was a primary contextual implementation at final with a secondary FVS implementation at medial. What I am suggesting is that the spec be changed to match the common implementation of Baiti, Almas, and most probably FZ, NS, and MS also. So, a good discussion would be healthy here. Such a spec change would knock out 1836 medial+FVS2 completely and leave 1836 final asis. That leaves the argument on the default forms for the medial / medial+fvs1 positions for a later discussion."

U+1837 MONGOLIAN LETTER RA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0440 р cyrillic small letter er
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxx-    
initial xxx-       ᠷ‍
medial xxx-       ‍ᠷ‍
final xxx- also MVS     ‍ᠷ

U+1838 MONGOLIAN LETTER WA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0432 в cyrillic small letter ve - 0432
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx    
initial xxxx     ᠸ‍
 
medial xxxx     ‍ᠸ‍
m+fvs1 x--- contextual     ‍ᠸ᠋‍
 
final xx--     ‍ᠸ
f+fvs1 x--- contextual,
also MVS
  ‍ᠸ᠋

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial, medial+fvs1: The 2016 Chinese document will be stating the reverse of what the NP column shows. However, until that time, Greg will not argue for the switch of defaults, so the defaults were changed to match the more common implementation. As the new Chinese argument comes out, so we can argue the point of defaults again later.
  2. final, final+fvs1: Ditto.

The 2014 proposal moves the 1st medial form to the 2nd medial form due to research by the Professor that indicates, that according to syllable-forming rules, the medial loop so long considered to be a vowel, UE (U+1826), was determined to be the semi-vowel WA (U+1838) instead.

The same goes for the 1st and 2nd final glyphs.

U+1839 MONGOLIAN LETTER FA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0444 ф cyrillic small letter ef
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᠹ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠹ‍
final x---     ‍ᠹ

U+183A MONGOLIAN LETTER KA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0445 х cyrillic small letter ha
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xxxx  
initial xxxx     ᠺ‍
medial xxxx     ‍ᠺ‍
final xx--     ‍ᠺ

Notes

Old notes

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists all the shapes given for KA here under KHA, and vice versa. This is because Bolorsoft uses KA (for western words) and KHA (tibet and chinese words) the other way around than Unicode.

U+183B MONGOLIAN LETTER KHA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 043A к cyrillic small letter ka
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--     ᠻ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᠻ‍
final xx--     ‍ᠻ

Notes

Old notes

The Bolorsoft table used for the BS column lists all the shapes given for KA here under KHA, and vice versa. I'm guessing that this is just a mistake in the table, so I have left the shapes as initially reported, before the table became available.

U+183C MONGOLIAN LETTER TSA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0446 ц cyrillic small letter tse
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᠼ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠼ‍
final x---     ‍ᠼ

U+183D MONGOLIAN LETTER ZA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0437 з cyrillic small letter ze
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᠽ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠽ‍
final x---     ‍ᠽ

U+183E MONGOLIAN LETTER HAA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0445 х cyrillic small letter ha
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᠾ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠾ‍
final x---     ‍ᠾ

U+183F MONGOLIAN LETTER ZRA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0436 ж cyrillic small letter zhe
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᠿ‍
medial x---     ‍ᠿ‍
final x---     ‍ᠿ

U+1840 MONGOLIAN LETTER LHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
 
initial xx--     ᡀ‍
i+fvs1 x---   n/s               ᡀ᠋‍
 
medial xx--     ‍ᡀ‍
final ----     ‍ᡀ

U+1841 MONGOLIAN LETTER ZHI

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᡁ‍
medial ----     ‍ᡁ‍
final ----     ‍ᡁ

Notes

Old notes

The Mongolian Art font uses the same shape as the final in Mongolian White for the isolate form.

Also note that Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

Final shapes that vary from the NP column are consistent with the isolate shape. On the supposition that the font vendor chose not to implement a different form because it was not specified in column Q, the differences have been marked with green.

U+1842 MONGOLIAN LETTER CHI

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---     ᡂ‍
medial ----     ‍ᡂ‍
final ----     ‍ᡂ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: Almas agrees with the common form of the isolate.

Again, Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

Final shapes that vary from the NP column are consistent with the isolate shape. On the supposition that the font vendor chose not to implement a different form because it was not specified in column Q, the differences have been marked with green.

Todo letters

U+1843 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO LONG VOWEL SIGN

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
initial ----         ᡃ‍
medial -x-- contextual       ‍ᡃ‍
 
final -x-- contextual       ‍ᡃ
f+fvs1       n/s     ? ‍ᡃ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final, final+fvs1: New variant as testified in the documentation.

U+1844 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO E

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
 
initial -x-- also NNBSP     ᡄ‍
i+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡄ᠋‍
 
medial -x--       ‍ᡄ‍
m+fvs1 -x--       ‍ᡄ᠋‍
 
final -x--       ‍ᡄ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial: No objection raised by NotoSans.

The medial shape in Mongolian Baiti and Noto Sans Mongolian appears to have a longer vertical line than in the other similar shapes. This does not appear to be replicated in any of the specs.

U+1845 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO I

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
is+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡅ᠋
 
initial -x-- also NNBSP     ᡅ‍
i+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡅ᠋‍
i+fvs2 -x--     n/s               ᡅ᠌‍
 
medial -x--       ‍ᡅ‍
m+fvs1 -x-- contextual     ‍ᡅ᠋‍
 
final -x--       ‍ᡅ

U+1846 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO O

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
is+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᡆ᠋
 
initial -x--     ᡆ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᡆ᠋‍
 
medial -x--     ‍ᡆ‍
m+fvs1 -x--     ‍ᡆ᠋‍
 
final -x--     ‍ᡆ

U+1847 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO U

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
is+fvs1 -x--       ᡇ᠋
is+fvs2 -x--     n/s               ᡇ᠌
is+fvs3 -x--     n/s               ᡇ᠍
 
initial -x--       ᡇ‍
i+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡇ᠋‍
 
medial -x--       ‍ᡇ‍
m+fvs1 -x-- contextual     ‍ᡇ᠋‍
m+fvs2 -x--       ‍ᡇ᠌‍
 
final -x--       ‍ᡇ
f+fvs1 -x-- contextual     ‍ᡇ᠋

U+1848 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO OE

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
is+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᡈ᠋
 
initial -x--     ᡈ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᡈ᠋‍
 
medial -x--     ‍ᡈ‍
m+fvs1 -x--     ‍ᡈ᠋‍
m+fvs2 -x--   n/s               ‍ᡈ᠌‍
 
final -x--     ‍ᡈ
f+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ‍ᡈ᠋

U+1849 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO UE

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
is+fvs1 -x--     ᡉ᠋
is+fvs2 -x--   n/s               ᡉ᠌
is+fvs3 -x--   n/s               ᡉ᠍
 
initial -x--     ᡉ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᡉ᠋‍
 
medial -x--     ‍ᡉ‍
m+fvs1 -x--     ‍ᡉ᠋‍
 
final -x--     ‍ᡉ

U+184A MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO ANG

Unicode presentation form is

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ----  
initial ----       ᡊ‍
medial -x--       ‍ᡊ‍
final -x--       ‍ᡊ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: No objection raised by Menkhsoft.

The initial is ungrammatical therefore FZ decides to give the presentation form. None of the other fonts tested does this.

U+184B MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO BA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ----    
initial -x-- also NNBSP       ᡋ‍
medial -x--         ‍ᡋ‍
final -x--         ‍ᡋ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: No objection raised by Menkhsoft.

U+184C MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO PA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᡌ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᡌ‍
final -x--     ‍ᡌ

U+184D MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO QA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
is+fvs1 -x-- feminine       ? ᡍ᠋
 
initial -x--       ᡍ‍
i+fvs1 -x-- feminine n/s ≫   ᡍ᠋‍
 
medial -x--     ‍ᡍ‍
m+fvs1 -x-- feminine n/s ≫   ‍ᡍ᠋‍
 
final -x-- feminine   ‍ᡍ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. initial+fvs1, medial+fvs1: Although spec as it is is inconsistent, there would need to be a lot of discussion to make it consistent – so Greg concedes to the specification as it is. All variants will never appear as glyphs other than ligatures – therefore his reluctance to make assignments to them an individual FVS. It makes no sense to him. But he will concede to the group as he is the only one standing out.

Notes from Greg Eck: "I+FVS1/M+FVS1 never show up – ligature forming. If we specify here, then must specify at 182C/182D init/med also. Suggest we follow 182C/182D pattern and spec only one isolate for all."

And another: "Feminine forms are specified for the initial/medial, but not for the second isolate. These forms never materialize but are meant to combine with vowels forming ligatures. The same thing happens in other cases as well including, but not limited to 182C/182D. In the case of 182C/182D, as space is limited in the FVS realm, the medial/final feminine loop forms (which never actually materialize as they form ligatures also) are specified as one isolate – but the isolate actually represents the two occurrences at the initial and medial positions. Suggest a re-specification patterned after the 182C/182D with only one isolate feminine form representing the occurrences at initial/medial."

U+184E MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO GA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
is+fvs1 -x-- feminine       ᡎ᠋
 
initial -x--     ᡎ‍
i+fvs1 -x-- also NNBSP         ᡎ᠋‍
 
medial -x--     ‍ᡎ‍
m+fvs1 -x--     ‍ᡎ᠋‍
m+fvs2 -x-- feminine,
contextual
            ‍ᡎ᠌‍
 
final -x--     ‍ᡎ
f+fvs1 -x--     n/s             ‍ᡎ᠋
f+fvs2 -x--     n/s             ‍ᡎ᠌

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: No objection raised by FangZhen.

For the alternate independent form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document doesn't propose combining with an FVS. This may be a bug. He lists it as a feminine initial form.

U+184F MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO MA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
initial -x-- also NNBSP       ᡏ‍
medial -x--         ‍ᡏ‍
final -x--         ‍ᡏ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: White concedes to the majority.

U+1850 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO TA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
initial -x-- also NNBSP       ᡐ‍
medial -x--         ‍ᡐ‍
final -x--         ‍ᡐ

U+1851 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO DA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
initial -x-- also NNBSP       ᡑ‍
medial -x--       ‍ᡑ‍
final -x--       ‍ᡑ

U+1852 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO CHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᡒ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᡒ‍
final -x--     ‍ᡒ

U+1853 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO JA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᡓ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᡓ‍
final -x--     ‍ᡓ

U+1854 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO TSA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᡔ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᡔ‍
final -x--     ‍ᡔ

U+1855 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO YA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
is+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡕ᠋
 
initial -x-- also NNBSP       ᡕ‍
i+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ᡕ᠋‍
 
medial -x--       ‍ᡕ‍
m+fvs1 -x--     n/s               ‍ᡕ᠋‍
 
final -x--       ‍ᡕ

U+1856 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO WA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--    
 
initial -x--         ᡖ‍
 
medial -x--       ‍ᡖ‍
m+fvs1 1 -x-- contextual   n/s             ‍ᡖ᠋‍
 
final -x--       ‍ᡖ
f+fvs1 1 -x-- contextual   n/s             ‍ᡖ᠋

U+1857 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO KA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᡗ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᡗ‍
final -x--     ‍ᡗ

U+1858 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO GAA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᡘ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᡘ‍
final ----     ‍ᡘ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: No attested case as yet of MWc.

U+1859 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO HAA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ----  
initial -x--       ᡙ‍
medial -x--       ‍ᡙ‍
final -x--       ‍ᡙ

U+185A MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO JIA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᡚ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᡚ‍
final ----     ‍ᡚ

Notes

Old notes

Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

U+185B MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO NIA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᡛ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᡛ‍
final ----     ‍ᡛ

Notes

Old notes

Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

U+185C MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO DZA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
 
initial xx--       ᡜ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s             ᡜ᠋‍
 
medial xx--     ‍ᡜ‍
m+fvs1 -x--   n/s             ‍ᡜ᠋‍
 
final -x--     ‍ᡜ
f+fvs1 -x--   n/s             ‍ᡜ᠋

Sibe letters

U+185D MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE E

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
initial --xx       ᡝ‍
 
medial --xx       ‍ᡝ‍
m+fvs1 --xx contextual     ‍ᡝ᠋‍
 
final --xx       ‍ᡝ
f+fvs1 --xx contextual     ‍ᡝ᠋

Notes

Old notes

For the normal isolate form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document seems to be suggesting both the first two forms shown in the NP column. That may be a bug. The NP source is also lacking an expected asterisk against the character name.

U+185E MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE I

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --x-    
initial --x-     ᡞ‍
 
medial --x-     ‍ᡞ‍
m+fvs1 --x- contextual   ‍ᡞ᠋‍
m+fvs2 --x- contextual   ‍ᡞ᠌‍
 
final --x- also NNBSP   ‍ᡞ
f+fvs1 --x- contextual   ‍ᡞ᠋
f+fvs2 --x-     ‍ᡞ᠌

Notes

Old notes

For the normal isolate form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document seems to be suggesting both the first two forms shown in the NP column. That may be a bug. The NP source is also lacking an expected asterisk against the character name.

U+185F MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE IY

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡟ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡟ‍
final --xx     ‍ᡟ

U+1860 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE UE

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
initial --xx     ᡠ‍
 
medial --xx     ‍ᡠ‍
m+fvs1 --xx contextual   ‍ᡠ᠋‍
 
final --xx     ‍ᡠ
f+fvs1 --xx contextual   ‍ᡠ᠋
f+fvs2 --xx       ‍ᡠ᠌
f+fvs3 --xx contextual   n/s       ‍ᡠ᠍

U+1861 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE U

Unicode presentation form is

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x     ᡡ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡡ‍
final --xx     ‍ᡡ

Notes

Old notes

For the normal isolate form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document seems to be suggesting both the first two forms shown in the NP column. That may be a bug. The NP source is also lacking an expected asterisk against the character name.

U+1862 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE ANG

Unicode presentation form is

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ----  
initial ----     ᡢ‍
medial --x-     ‍ᡢ‍
final --x-       ‍ᡢ

Notes

Old notes

The initial form is not grammatical.

U+1863 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE KA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --x-    
is+fvs1 --x- feminine       ᡣ᠋
 
initial --x-       ᡣ‍
i+fvs1 --x- feminine         ᡣ᠋‍
 
medial --x-     ‍ᡣ‍
m+fvs1 --x-     ‍ᡣ᠋‍
m+fvs2 --x- feminine,
contextual
            ‍ᡣ᠌‍
 
final --x-     ‍ᡣ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate, isolate+fvs1: No objection from FangZhen/NotoSans.

U+1864 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE GA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
is+fvs1 --xx feminine     ᡤ᠋
 
initial --xx         ᡤ‍
i+fvs1 ---x     n/s           ᡤ᠋‍
i+fvs2 --xx feminine             ᡤ᠌‍
 
medial --xx       ‍ᡤ‍
m+fvs1 --xx feminine             ‍ᡤ᠋‍
 
final --xx       ‍ᡤ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate, isolate+fvs1: No objection from FangZhen/NotoSans.
  2. final: No objection from FangZhen/Almas.

For the normal isolate form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document seems to be suggesting both the first two forms shown in the NP column. That may be a bug. The NP source is also lacking an expected asterisk against the character name.

U+1865 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE HA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
is+fvs1 --xx feminine     ᡥ᠋
 
initial --xx         ᡥ‍
i+fvs1 --xx feminine           ᡥ᠋‍
 
medial --xx       ‍ᡥ‍
m+fvs1 --xx feminine         ‍ᡥ᠋‍
 
final ----       ‍ᡥ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate, isolate+fvs1: No objection from FangZhen/NotoSans.
  2. final: No objection from FangZhen.

U+1866 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE PA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
 
initial --xx       ᡦ‍
i+fvs1 ---x   n/s             ᡦ᠋‍
 
medial --xx     ‍ᡦ‍
m+fvs1 ---x   n/s             ‍ᡦ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᡦ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+1867 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE SHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡧ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡧ‍
final ---x     ‍ᡧ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+1868 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE TA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
is+fvs1       n/s n/s           ᡨ᠋
 
initial --xx       ᡨ‍
i+fvs1 --xx contextual   ᡨ᠋‍
 
medial --xx     ‍ᡨ‍
m+fvs1 --xx contextual   ‍ᡨ᠋‍
m+fvs2 --xx     ‍ᡨ᠌‍
 
final --xx     ‍ᡨ

U+1869 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE DA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
 
initial --xx       ᡩ‍
i+fvs1 --xx contextual,
also NNBSP
  ᡩ᠋‍
 
medial --xx     ‍ᡩ‍
m+fvs1 --xx contextual   ‍ᡩ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᡩ

U+186A MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE JA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --x-  
initial --x-     ᡪ‍
medial --x-     ‍ᡪ‍
final ----       ‍ᡪ

U+186B MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE FA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --x-  
initial --x-       ᡫ‍
medial --x-     ‍ᡫ‍
final ----     ‍ᡫ

U+186C MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE GAA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡬ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡬ‍
final ----     ‍ᡬ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

U+186D MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE HAA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡭ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡭ‍
final ----     ‍ᡭ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

Professor Quejingzhabu's document shows only a single glyph, and doesn't ascribe it to an initial, medial or final position.

U+186E MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE TSA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡮ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡮ‍
final ----     ‍ᡮ

U+186F MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE ZA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx    
 
initial --xx       ᡯ‍
i+fvs1 --xx contextual   ᡯ᠋‍
 
medial --xx     ‍ᡯ‍
m+fvs1 --xx contextual   ‍ᡯ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᡯ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. initial+fvs1: Surely this is a mistake in our chart or of the Unicode early documentation?

The final form is not grammatical.

The i+fvs1 form in TUS9 is incorrect. A accurate glyph image is now available.

U+1870 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE RAA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡰ‍
medial ----     ‍ᡰ‍
final ----     ‍ᡰ

U+1871 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE CHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --xx  
initial --xx       ᡱ‍
medial --xx     ‍ᡱ‍
final ----     ‍ᡱ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+1872 MONGOLIAN LETTER SIBE ZHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate --x-  
initial --x-       ᡲ‍
medial --x-     ‍ᡲ‍
final --x-     ‍ᡲ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

Manchu letters

U+1873 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU I

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ---x    
initial ---x     ᡳ‍
 
medial ---x     ‍ᡳ‍
m+fvs1 ---x contextual   ‍ᡳ᠋‍
m+fvs2 ---x contextual   ‍ᡳ᠌‍
m+fvs3 ---x contextual   ‍ᡳ᠍‍
 
final ---x also NNBSP   ‍ᡳ
f+fvs1 ---x contextual   ‍ᡳ᠋
f+fvs2 1 ---x contextual   ‍ᡳ᠌
f+fvs3 ---x       ‍ᡳ᠍

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate+fvs2: This is the post-NNBSP suffix.
  2. medial+fvs2, medial+fvs3: No objection from FangZhen.
  3. final+fvs3: We need examples here.

For the normal isolate form, Professor Quejingzhabu's document seems to be suggesting both the first two forms shown in the NP column. That may be a bug. The NP source is also lacking an expected asterisk against the character name.

is+fvs1 is not grammatical.

U+1874 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU KA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ----    
is+fvs1 ---x feminine     ᡴ᠋
is+fvs2 ---x feminine           ᡴ᠌
 
initial ---x     ᡴ‍
i+fvs1 ---x feminine,
contextual
      ᡴ᠋‍
i+fvs2 ---x feminine           ᡴ᠌‍
 
medial ---x     ‍ᡴ‍
m+fvs1 ---x contextual   ‍ᡴ᠋‍
m+fvs2 ---x feminine,
contextual
  ‍ᡴ᠌‍
m+fvs3 ---x feminine   ‍ᡴ᠍‍
 
final ---x     ‍ᡴ
f+fvs1 ---x feminine,
contextual
  ‍ᡴ᠋
f+fvs2 ---x feminine   ‍ᡴ᠌

Notes

Old notes

i+fvs1 is not grammatical.

U+1875 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU RA

Unicode presentation form is

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ----  
initial ---x     ᡵ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᡵ‍
final ---x     ‍ᡵ

U+1876 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU FA

Description in the Unicode standard:

Unicode presentation form is
form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ----    
 
initial ---x     ᡶ‍
i+fvs1 ---x contextual   ᡶ᠋‍
 
medial ---x     ‍ᡶ‍
m+fvs1 ---x contextual   ‍ᡶ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᡶ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. initial: No objection from FangZhen.

FZ has been notified of the isolate/initial variants and is in agreement that the FZ font needs to change those glyphs to match the standard.

U+1877 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ZHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x     ᡷ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᡷ‍
final ----     ‍ᡷ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: This glyph not attested.

Extensions for Sanskrit and Tibetan

U+1880 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI ANUSVARA ONE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0F83   ྃ tibetan sign sna ldan
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
first xx-x  
second xx-x     ᢀ᠋

U+1881 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI VISARGA ONE

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0F7F  ྃ tibetan sign rnam bcad
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
first xx-x  
second xx-x     ᢁ᠋

U+1882 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI DAMARU

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0F88  ྈ tibetan sign lce tsa can
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  

U+1883 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI UBADAMA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  

U+1884 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI INVERTED UBADAMA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0F89  ྉ tibetan sign mchu can
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  

U+1885 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI BALUDA

Description in the Unicode standard:

→ 0F85 ྅ tibetan mark paluta
form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  

Notes

Old notes

DS01 repesents this as a combining character.

U+1886 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI THREE BALUDA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  

Notes

Old notes

DS01 repesents this as a combining character.

U+1887 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI A

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x    
is+fvs1 -x--     ᢇ᠋
 
initial ----     ᢇ‍
 
medial ----     ‍ᢇ‍
 
final x--x     ‍ᢇ
f+fvs1 xx-- contextual   ‍ᢇ᠋
f+fvs2 xx-- contextual   ‍ᢇ᠌
f+fvs3 x--x     ‍ᢇ᠍
f+VS1 xx--               ‍ᢇ︀
f+VS2 x---     n/s               ‍ᢇ︁

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. initial, medial: White/Menkhsoft agree there is no attested form – glyph shaped is derived from common shaping conventions for initial/medial.
  2. final+fvs1, fvs2: Both images were incorrect in the original USVL.

Note from Greg Eck: "The two USVL images were just approximations. Now that we have more accurate glyph images – we should make the documentation more accurate also."

U+1888 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI I

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x--x  
initial xx-x   ᢈ‍
 
medial xx-x   ‍ᢈ‍
m+fvs1     n/s   ? ‍ᢈ᠋‍
 
final x--x   ‍ᢈ
f+fvs1 ---x   ‍ᢈ᠋

Notes

Old notes

It is difficult to see, but the shape in m+fvs1 is slightly thinner than that in the default medial position.

U+1889 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI KA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢉ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢉ‍
final ----     ‍ᢉ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. isolate: Bolorsoft agrees with the common isolate form.

U+188A MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI NGA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--    
 
initial xx--       ᢊ‍
i+fvs1 xx-- contextual   ᢊ᠋‍
 
medial xx--     ‍ᢊ‍
m+fvs1 xx-- contextual   ‍ᢊ᠋‍
 
final ----     ? ‍ᢊ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial, medial+fvs1: No objection from NotoSans.

U+188B MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI CA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
 
initial xx--       ᢋ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᢋ᠋‍
 
medial xx--     ‍ᢋ‍
m+fvs1 -x--   n/s             ‍ᢋ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᢋ

U+188C MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI TTA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢌ‍
medial xx--       ‍ᢌ‍
final ----       ‍ᢌ

U+188D MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI TTHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢍ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢍ‍
final ----     ‍ᢍ

U+188E MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI DDA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
 
initial xx--       ᢎ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᢎ᠋‍
 
medial xx--     ‍ᢎ‍
m+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ‍ᢎ᠋‍
 
final ----   n/s   ‍ᢎ

U+188F MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI NNA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx-x  
initial xx-x       ᢏ‍
medial xx-x     ‍ᢏ‍
final ----     ‍ᢏ

U+1890 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI TA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢐ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢐ‍
final -x--     ‍ᢐ

U+1891 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI DA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢑ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢑ‍
final ----     ‍ᢑ

U+1892 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI PA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x-xx  
 
initial xx-x       ᢒ‍
i+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ᢒ᠋‍
i+fvs2 -x--   n/s               ᢒ᠌‍
 
medial x-xx     ‍ᢒ‍
m+fvs1 -x--   n/s               ‍ᢒ᠋‍
m+fvs2 -x--   n/s               ‍ᢒ᠌‍
 
final ----     ‍ᢒ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+1893 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI PHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---       ᢓ‍
medial x---     ‍ᢓ‍
final ----     ‍ᢓ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+1894 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI SSA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢔ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢔ‍
final ----     ‍ᢔ

U+1895 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI ZHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate x---  
initial x---       ᢕ‍
medial x---     ‍ᢕ‍
final ----     ‍ᢕ

U+1896 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI ZA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢖ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢖ‍
final ----     ‍ᢖ

U+1897 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI AH

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial xx--       ᢗ‍
medial xx--     ‍ᢗ‍
final ----     ‍ᢗ

U+1898 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO ALI GALI TA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᢘ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᢘ‍
final ----     ‍ᢘ

U+1899 MONGOLIAN LETTER TODO ALI GALI ZHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial -x--       ᢙ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᢙ‍
final ----     ‍ᢙ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: This is a font designer choice as to whether to add the descender to a position which is not specified.

U+189A MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI GHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
 
initial ---x       ᢚ‍
i+fvs1 ---x   n/s               ᢚ᠋‍
 
medial ---x     ‍ᢚ‍
final ----     ‍ᢚ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+189B MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI NGA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢛ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢛ‍
final ---x     ‍ᢛ

U+189C MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI CA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢜ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢜ‍
final ----     ‍ᢜ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. medial: Glyph discussed with FangZhen already; they will rectify.
  2. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

FZ has been notified of the medial/final variants and is in agreement that the FZ font needs to change those glyphs to match the standard.

U+189D MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI JHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢝ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢝ‍
final ----     ‍ᢝ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+189E MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI TTA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢞ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢞ‍
final ---x     ‍ᢞ

U+189F MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI DDHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢟ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢟ‍
final ----     ‍ᢟ

U+18A0 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI TA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x    
 
initial ---x         ᢠ‍
i+fvs1 ---x contextual               ᢠ᠋‍
 
medial ---x       ‍ᢠ‍
m+fvs1 ---x contextual     ? ‍ᢠ᠋‍
 
final ----       ‍ᢠ

Notes

Old notes

There is no official documentation for the shape shown in the NP column for m+fvs1.

U+18A1 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI DHA

form usage notes TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x    
 
initial ---x         ᢡ‍
i+fvs1 ---x contextual       ? ᢡ᠋‍
 
medial ---x       ‍ᢡ‍
m+fvs1 ---x contextual     ? ‍ᢡ᠋‍
 
final ----       ‍ᢡ

Notes

Old notes

There is no official documentation for the shapes shown in the NP column for i+fvs1 and m+fvs1.

U+18A2 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI SSA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢢ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢢ‍
final ----     ‍ᢢ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+18A3 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI CYA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢣ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢣ‍
final ----     ‍ᢣ

U+18A4 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI ZHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
 
initial ---x       ᢤ‍
i+fvs1 ---x   n/s               ᢤ᠋‍
 
medial ---x     ‍ᢤ‍
m+fvs1 ---x   n/s               ‍ᢤ᠋‍
 
final ----     ‍ᢤ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+18A5 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI ZA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢥ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢥ‍
final ----     ‍ᢥ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+18A6 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI HALF U

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate xx--  
initial ----       ᢦ‍
medial ----     ‍ᢦ‍
 
final xx--     ‍ᢦ
f+fvs1 x---   n/s             ‍ᢦ᠋

U+18A7 MONGOLIAN LETTER ALI GALI HALF YA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate -x--  
initial ----       ᢧ‍
medial -x--     ‍ᢧ‍
final -x--     ‍ᢧ

U+18A8 MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI BHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x  
initial ---x       ᢨ‍
medial ---x     ‍ᢨ‍
final ----     ‍ᢨ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

U+18AA MONGOLIAN LETTER MANCHU ALI GALI LHA

form usage TUS9 WG2 DS01   MB FZ NSM MWc BS MS Text
isolate ---x   -
initial ---x       ᢪ‍
medial ---x       ‍ᢪ‍
final ----       ‍ᢪ

Notes

Old notes

Resolutions:

  1. final: Almas is using convention that finals have tails to create the unspecified final.

Further reading

  1. Greg Eck, Mongolian base forms, positional form & variant forms (DS01)
  2. Chen Zhuang, Proposed additions for Mongolian in 5th edition of UCS
  3. Weizhe Zheng, Comments on the Mongolian block (L2-16/292)
  4. Quejingzhabu, Specification 9.0
  5. Erdenechimeg, Moore, Namsrai, Traditional Mongolian Script in the ISO/IEC 10646 and Unicode Standards (part 1), part 2, part 3
  6. Bell, Eck, Glass, Proposal to update the code charts for Mongolian.
  7. Unicode Consortium, Standardized Variants.
  8. public-i18n-mongolian list archive
  9. Document log for the mailing list discussions.
First published 21 Sep 2014. This version 2017-01-09 16:49 GMT.  •  Copyright r12a@w3.org. Licence CC-By.